Edward W. Carney

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The Endocrine Disrupter Screening and Testing Advisory Committee has recommended the female pubertal onset assay as a Tier I test to detect potential endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDs). We evaluated this assay's ability to detect EDs acting through various mechanisms. In two similar experiments, weanling female rats were dosed for 20 days by gavage with(More)
An extensive database on the toxicity and modes of action of ethylene glycol (EG) has been developed over the past several decades. Although renal toxicity has long been recognized as a potential outcome, in recent years developmental toxicity, an effect observed only in rats and mice, has become the subject of extensive research and regulatory reviews to(More)
A human breast cancer cell line, MCF-7, transiently transfected with a chimeric estrogen receptor (Gal4-HEG0) and a luciferase reporter plasmid (17m5-G-Luc), was used to investigate the estrogenic activity of benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P), a prototypical polyaromatic hydrocarbon (PAH). B[a]P at concentrations > or = 1 microM produced responses comparable to that(More)
This study determined the effects of feed restriction (FR) during in utero and postnatal life on standard reproductive toxicity and developmental immunotoxicity end points. Groups of 26 time-mated CD rats were fed various amounts of Purina 5002 diet from gestation day 7 through lactation. Control rats were fed once per day in amounts based on historical(More)
The expression of a battery of trophoblast-specific mRNAs was studied during trophectoderm development in vivo and in vitro to assess the use of these mRNAs as markers of trophoblast differentiation and to examine lineage relationships between various trophectoderm derivatives. In situ hybridization of sectioned day 6.5-18.5 mouse embryos localized mRNAs(More)
Based on existing data and previous work, a series of studies is proposed as a basis toward a pragmatic early step in transforming toxicity testing. These studies were assembled into a data-driven framework that invokes successive tiers of testing with margin of exposure (MOE) as the primary metric. The first tier of the framework integrates data from(More)
The extended one-generation reproduction toxicity study (OECD 443, adopted 28-July-2011) produces more information with fewer animals than the two-generation study (OECD 416), by including F1 neurotoxicity and immunotoxicity assessments, and omitting an F2 generation if there are no relevant F1 findings. This saves >1000 animals per compound. Feasibility(More)
A complete mode of action human relevance analysis--as distinct from mode of action (MOA) analysis alone--depends on robust information on the animal MOA, as well as systematic comparison of the animal data with corresponding information from humans. In November 2003, the International Life Sciences Institute's Risk Science Institute (ILSI RSI) published a(More)
Uninterrupted development of rabbit embryos in vivo was studied in 7 superovulated and 7 normally ovulating (GnRH-treated) does, while another 7 does were superovulated and 1-cell embryos were collected from them at 19 h after LH to compare development in vivo and in vitro. Embryos from the last group were either cultured in the presence or absence of(More)
The kinetics of orally administered ethylene glycol (EG) and its major metabolites, glycolic acid (GA) and oxalic acid (OX), in pregnant (P; gestation day 10 at dosing, GD 10) rats were compared across doses, and between pregnant and nonpregnant (NP) rats. Groups of 4 jugular vein-cannulated female rats were administered 10 (P and NP), 150 (P), 500 (P),(More)