Edward V. Sargent

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The 2008 National Research Council report "Phthalates and Cumulative Risk Assessment: Tasks Ahead," rejected the underlying premises of TEQ-like approaches - e.g., chemicals are true congeners; are metabolized and detoxified similarly; produce the same biological effects by the same mode of action; exhibit parallel dose response curves - instead asserting(More)
Hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] is recognized as a human carcinogen via inhalation, based on elevated rates of lung cancer among occupationally exposed workers in certain industries. Cr(VI) is also genotoxic in bacterial and mammalian cell lines. In contrast, scientific panels in the United States and abroad have reviewed the weight of evidence (WOE) and(More)
A scientific rationale is provided for estimating acceptable daily intake values (ADIs) for compounds with limited or no toxicity information to support pharmaceutical manufacturing operations. These ADIs are based on application of the "thresholds of toxicological concern" (TTC) principle, in which levels of human exposure are estimated that pose no(More)
For many years pharmaceutical companies have established employee exposure limits for the active ingredients used in their products. Historically these limits were derived using traditional risk assessment methods. Because the trend in the pharmaceutical industry is to identify and develop more selective drugs of increasing potency, and because of the(More)
In the course of employment, workers in the pharmaceutical industry are exposed to compounds which are designed to produce pharmacological effects. For the most part, exposure occurs in the handling of finely divided solids. Data from laboratory animal studies and clinical trials can be extrapolated to predict possible effects of exposure in the workplace.(More)
Much of the data which have been generated on in vitro alternatives to the Draize eye irritation test have dealt with compounds within a specific chemical class or product category. However, in the pharmaceutical industry, it is often necessary to evaluate materials which are not related in structure or properties. It was thus decided to evaluate a diverse(More)
The purpose of this paper is to describe the use of toxicokinetic (TK) and toxicodynamic (TD) data in setting acceptable daily exposure (ADE) values and occupational exposure limits (OELs). Use of TK data can provide a more robust exposure limit based on a rigorous evaluation of systemic internal dose. Bioavailability data assist in extrapolating across(More)
Analyses were conducted on four pharmaceutical compounds, representing different therapeutic classes, to evaluate the presence and potential adverse human health effects of trace levels of these substances in aqueous environmental media. Acetylsalicylic acid, clofibrate, cyclophosphamide, and indomethacin have been detected in aqueous environmental media(More)
The potential for causing carcinogenic and mutagenic effects is the main concern when assessing the risks associated with low-level exposures of humans to the industrially important epoxide, propylene oxide (PO). The available basic information used in estimation of carcinogenic risk has been reviewed. It is concluded that the published data from gavage(More)
Air quality models are typically used to predict the fate and transport of air emissions from industrial sources to comply with federal and state regulatory requirements and environmental standards, as well as to determine pollution control requirements. For many years, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) widely used the Industrial Source Complex(More)