Edward T. Morgan

Learn More
Inflammation and infection have long been known to downregulate the activity and expression of cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes involved in hepatic drug clearance. This can result in elevated plasma drug levels and increased adverse effects. Recent information on regulation of human CYP enzymes is presented, as are new developments in our understanding of the(More)
Cytochromes P450 (P450s) are down-regulated in hepatocytes in response to inflammation and infection. This effect has been extensively studied in animal models, but significantly less is known about responses in humans and even less about responses in the absence of inducing agents. This article focuses on the effects of bacterial lipopolysaccaride (LPS),(More)
Hepatic P450 activities are profoundly affected by various infectious and inflammatory stimuli, and this has clinical and toxicological consequences. Whereas the expression of most P450s in the liver is suppressed, some are induced. Many of the effects observed in vivo can be mimicked by pro-inflammatory cytokines and IFNs, and P450s are differentially(More)
This article is a report on a symposium sponsored by the American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics and held at the Experimental Biology 07 meeting in Washington, DC. The presentations discussed the phenomenology, clinical consequences, and underlying mechanisms of cytochrome P450 and drug transporter regulation by inflammatory and(More)
Inflammatory cytokines cause the down-regulation of multiple cytochrome P450 mRNAs, but the transcriptional mechanisms involved are not known. We investigated the role of a putative negative NF-kappaB-responsive element, nkappaB-RE1, in the down-regulation of the CYP2C11 gene in rat hepatocytes. This sequence spans the transcription start site of CYP2C11,(More)
Maternal separation (MS) in neonatal rats affects ethanol self-administration (SA) in adulthood; however, the conditions and mechanisms need to be clarified. The goal of this study was to determine the effect of MS on ethanol SA in adulthood in different groups of rats, which control for time of separation, handling, and rearing conditions and, for(More)
The hormonal regulation of the sexually differentiated cytochrome P-450 isozyme which catalyzes 16 alpha-hydroxylation of testosterone and 4-androstene-3,17-dione in male rat liver (P-450(16) alpha) was investigated. Estradiol valerate injection of male rats caused a decrease in P-450(16) alpha levels to almost the female level, while methyltrienolone(More)
Inflammatory agents such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS) down-regulate the hepatic expression of many cytochrome P450 (P450) mRNAs and proteins. Previous studies suggested that suppression of some P450 mRNAs could involve the regulation or modulation of the nuclear receptors peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) or pregnane X receptor(More)
We reported previously that infection of C3H/HeOuJ (HeOu) mice with the murine intestinal pathogen Citrobacter rodentium caused a selective modulation of hepatic cytochrome P450 (P450) gene expression in the liver that was independent of the Toll-like receptor 4. However, HeOu mice are much more sensitive to the pathogenic effects of C. rodentium infection,(More)
Inflammatory stimuli suppress constitutive hepatic expression of the CYP2C11 and CYP2C12 genes in male and female rat livers, respectively. We have shown previously that injection of interleukin-1 (IL1), but not interleukin-6 (IL6), to female rats also suppresses CYP2C12. In the present study, we examined the effects of these cytokines on CYP2C12 expression(More)