Edward T. Davies

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BACKGROUND Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) giving a rim-like/membranous (RL/M) or a multiple nuclear dot (MND) pattern are highly specific for primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). Aim and SUBJECTS To assess the prevalence of PBC specific ANAs, their Ig isotype, and their clinical significance in 90 PBC patients from Greece and Spain. Twenty eight patients with(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Previous studies on patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) have shown extensive cross-reactivity between the dominant B- and T-cell epitopes of human pyruvate dehydrogenase complex-E2 (PDC-E2), and microbial mimics. Such observations have suggested microbial infection as having a role in the induction of anti-mitochondrial antibodies,(More)
Acute liver failure (ALF) shares striking similarities with septic shock where a decrease in HLA-DR expression on monocytes is associated with disease severity and predicts outcome. We investigated monocyte HLA-DR expression in ALF in relation to inflammatory mediator levels and clinical outcome. Monocyte HLA-DR expression was determined in 50 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTI) have been suggested to be involved in the induction of anti-mitochondrial antibodies (AMA), the serological hallmark of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), in view of the presence of AMA in rUTI women without liver disease and conversely of a high prevalence of rUTI in women with PBC. This prompted(More)
Mannose binding protein (MBP) is a serum lectin which, upon binding to a carbohydrate extremity, acquires the ability to activate the classical complement pathway. MBP binds human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in vitro via glycans on gp120 and thus, it may play a defensive role in HIV infection and contribute to virus clearance through the activation of(More)
OBJECTIVE Familial clustering of juvenile autoimmune liver disease (AILD), including autoimmune hepatitis and autoimmune sclerosing cholangitis (ASC), is rare, despite a high prevalence of autoimmune disorders in AILD families. METHODS To investigate this discrepancy, we measured autoantibodies diagnostic for AILD, anti-nuclear, anti-smooth muscle,(More)
BACKGROUND Anti-mitochondrial antibody is the diagnostic hallmark of primary biliary cirrhosis. Its role in the aetiology of primary biliary cirrhosis is controversial. METHODS Two cases of neonatal hepatitis seropositive for anti-mitochondrial antibody are described. Anti-mitochondrial antibody Ig isotype and epitopic specificity were investigated by(More)
In vitro studies have indicated that T lymphocyte activation may be of importance in the pathogenesis of HIV infection. In order to define the role of immune activation in vivo, we assessed the expression of the T cell activation markers HLA-DR and CD25 by flow cytometry in peripheral blood in relation to disease severity and the surrogate markers CD4 and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is characterised by the presence of immunoglobulin (Ig) G antimitochondrial antibodies (AMA), which are routinely detected by indirect immunofluorescence (IFL) using composite rodent tissue substrate. The IgG subclass distribution and clinical significance of IFL-detected AMA in patients with PBC have not been(More)
To determine whether complement is activated in uveitis we have measured plasma levels of C3d, a sensitive indicator of complement activation. Increased levels of C3d were found in 11 of 15 patients with idiopathic uveitis, 13 of whom had circulating immune complexes containing complement components. Since during complement activation potent mediators of(More)