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One dimensional polyaniline nanowire is an electrically conducting polymer that can be used as an active layer for sensors whose conductivity change can be used to detect chemical or biological species. In this review, the basic properties of polyaniline nanowires including chemical structures, redox chemistry, and method of synthesis are discussed. A(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the extraosseous blood supply of the tibia and how the blood supply of the distal tibia is influenced by different plating techniques. DESIGN Microdissection of cadaveric adult hip disarticulation specimens following sequential arterial injections of india ink and Ward's Blue Latex was performed. Readily identifiable arterioles(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Axial back pain affects a large percentage of the population. Often aggravated by weight-bearing activity, these patients frequently have associated degenerative or post-traumatic lumbar disc disease. Aquatherapy is frequently used to transition patients from less activity limited by pain to greater activity by reducing weight-bearing(More)
The end of Dennard scaling has led to a large amount of inactive or significantly underclocked transistors on modern chip multiprocessors in order to comply with the power budget and prevent the processors from overheating. This so-called dark silicon is one of the most critical constraints that will hinder the scaling with Moore's Law in future. While(More)
A pH sensor based on chemiresistive polyaniline nanowires, which makes use of the pH responsive conductivity of the polymer, requires an electrochemical system during measurements in order to maintain its oxidation state. In this work, we have developed an integrated electrochemical device where a reference, a counter, and a pair of working electrodes are(More)
Microchannel liquid cooling shows great potential in cooling 3D processors. However, the cooling of 3D processors is limited due to design-time and run-time challenges. Moreover, in new technologies, the processor power density is continually increasing and this will bring more serious challenges to liquid cooling. In this paper, we propose two thermal(More)
Microchannel liquid cooling is a promising technique to handling the high temperature problem of threedimensional (3D) processors. There have been a few works which made initial attempts to optimize liquid cooling by utilizing non-uniformly distributed channels, variable flow rate, wider channels, and Dynamic Voltage and Frequency Scaling (DVFS) combined(More)
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