Edward S. Schelegle

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BACKGROUND Animal models are used to mimic human asthma, however, not all models replicate the major characteristics of the human disease. Spontaneous development of asthma with hallmark features similar to humans has been documented to occur with relative frequency in only one animal species, the cat. We hypothesized that we could develop an experimental(More)
Increased mucus production in asthma is an important cause of airflow obstruction during severe exacerbations. To better understand the changes in airway epithelium that lead to increased mucus production, ovalbumin-sensitized and -challenged mice were used. The phenotype of the epithelium was dramatically altered, resulting in increased numbers of mucous(More)
To identify the afferents responsible for initiating the vagally mediated respiratory changes evoked by acute exposure to ozone, we recorded vagal impulses in anesthetized, open-chest, artificially ventilated dogs and examined the pulmonary afferent response to ozone (2-3 ppm in air) delivered to the lower trachea for 20-60 min. Bronchial C-fibers (BrCs)(More)
Since the original work of by Hering and Breuer in 1868 numerous studies have demonstrated that slowly adapting pulmonary stretch receptors (SARs) are the lung vagal afferents responsible for eliciting the reflexes evoked by moderate lung inflation. SARs play a role in controlling breathing pattern, airway smooth muscle tone, systemic vascular resistance(More)
Inner city children exposed to high levels of ozone suffer from an increased prevalence of respiratory diseases. Lung development in children is a long-term process, and there is a significant period of time during development when children growing up in urban areas are exposed to oxidant air pollution. This study was designed to test whether repeating(More)
A critical issue has been the observation that vaccination of children with a formalin-inactivated respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine is associated with disease enhancement. We have taken advantage of bovine RSV and our experience with this disease in calves to develop a natural model that parallels human disease. Using formalin-inactivated bovine(More)
To establish whether allergic asthma could be induced experimentally in a nonhuman primate using a common human allergen, three female rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) were sensitized with house dust mite (Dermatophagoides farinae) allergen (HDMA) by subcutaneous injection, followed by four intranasal sensitizations, and exposure to allergen aerosol 3 hours(More)
Previous studies of 2 h of exposure to NO2 at high urban atmospheric levels (i.e., 0.50-1.0 ppm), utilizing light-to-moderate exercise for up to 1 h have failed to demonstrate significant pulmonary dysfunction in healthy humans. To test the hypothesis that heavy sustained exercise would elicit pulmonary dysfunction on exposure to 0.60 ppm NO2 and/or enhance(More)
We examined the time course of O3-induced changes in breathing pattern in 97 healthy human subjects (70 men and 27 women). One- to five-minute averages of breathing frequency (f(B)) and minute ventilation (Ve) were used to generate plots of cumulative breaths and cumulative exposure volume vs. time and cumulative exposure volume vs. cumulative breaths.(More)
Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) potently induces deregulation of Th2 responses, a hallmark feature of allergic inflammatory diseases such as asthma, atopic dermatitis, and allergic rhinitis. However, direct downstream in vivo mediators in the TSLP-induced atopic immune cascade have not been identified. In our current study, we have shown that OX40(More)