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Journals and Conferences
Tullimonstrum gregarium was a common, possibly marine, invertebrate in certain shallow, offshore waters of northern Illinois during the Middle Pennsylvanian. It had a flexible proboscis armed with teeth; a mobile tail; and a curious transverse bar behind the head, bearing a pair of round, external organs.
Ignition and flame stabilisation have been simulated in a turbulent, bluff body stabilised spray flame. A complete first order Conditional Moment Closure (CMC) model for spray combustion is presented, as well as CMC modelling for spark ignition. The new elements of the two phase model formalism and the spark ignition models are illustrated using a one… (More)
Differential diffusion alters the balance of reaction and diffusion in turbulent premixed combustion, affecting the performance and emissions of combustion devices. Modelling combustion devices with Probability or Filtered Density Function (PDF or FDF) methods provides an exact treatment for the change in composition due to chemical reaction, while… (More)
Equivalence ratio-stratified combustion is an important technology for achieving stable lowemission operation in internal combustion engines and gas turbines. This study examines how equivalence ratio stratification affects the physics of turbulent flame propagation using Direct Numerical Simulation. Three-dimensional simulations of a turbulent slot-Bunsen… (More)
Large eddy simulation (LES) combustion modeling capabilities have been steadily improving for some time. Nonetheless, many classes of turbulent reactive flows remain difficult to describe using LES. These difficulties arise because combustion is characterized by highly non-linear, mixing-dependent physics that often occur on subfilter LES scales. Some of… (More)
Jeletzkya douglassae Johnson and Richardson is described as the oldest known representative of an extant squid group. The species is known from a single specimen from the Middle Pennsylvanian of Illinois. This very unusual fossil consists of the complete tentacular crown and a fragile shell. The arms bear hooks in double rows.
Ignition, flame propagation and stabilisation have been simulated and analysed in a turbulent jet of non-premixed methane and air. The first order Conditional Moment Closure (CMC) turbulent combustion model was fully coupled with a Reynolds-Averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) flow simulation. A CMC model was developed to account for spark ignition. The… (More)
Lean premixed combustion of natural gas in IC engines is attractive since it combines low emissions with diesel-like efficiencies due to the high knock resistance of natural gas. The low ignition propensity of natural gas however poses significant challenges in terms of robust combustion initiation with conventional spark plugs, especially at lean… (More)
This study develops thermofluidic pump technology that is powered by heat, rather than by electrical or mechanical power. The objective is to improve the performance of heat-recovery by Organic Rankine Cycles, by using a recently-proposed thermofluidic pump. The thermofluidic pump promises low-cost, high-reliability, and, since it does not consume any of… (More)