Edward S. Reynolds

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Aqueous solutions of lead salts (1, 2) and saturated solutions of lead hydroxide (1) have been used as stains to enhance the electron-scattering properties of components of biological materials examined in the electron microscope. Saturated solutions of lead hydroxide (1), while staining more intensely than either lead acetate or monobasic lead acetate (l ,(More)
Previous inhalation toxicity studies from our laboratory have shown that 1,1-dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE), 1,1-dibromoethylene (1,1-DBE), and 2-chloro-1,3,-butadiene (2-CBD) are more toxic to fasted rats than to fed rats. Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) and 1,1-difluoroethylene (1,1-DFE) were not acutely hepatotoxic at 46,500 and 82,000 ppm, respectively, in(More)
Liver microsomal enzyme activities and glutathione (GSH) contents of fasted male rats pretreated with phenobarbital (PBT) or vehicle controls were measured during and after exposure to trichloroethylene (TRI) (1% x 2 hr). TRI caused morphologic liver injury only in the pbt animals. Cytochrome P-450 and b5 contents were diminished by the end of the first hr(More)
Liver microsomal enzyme activities were measured 24 hr after a 6 hr exposure to 5% vinyl chloride in male rats pretreated with phenobarbital, Aroclor 1254 or the control vehicle. Liver injury as indicated by serum transaminase elevations after vinyl chloride, was found only in phenobarbital and Aroclor 1254 animals while cytochrome P-450 contents and(More)
Fasted male rats were given six doses of 14CCl4 ranging from non-hepatotoxic (0.1 mmole/kg) to severely hepatotoxic (26 mmoles/kg). Time-course and pharmacokinetics of CCl4, 14CO2 and CHCl3 elimination by exhalation were monitored by measuring amounts recovered in breath during discrete 15-min intervals for 8-12 hr. Amounts of 14C-labeled metabolite(More)
Rate and extent of CCl4 metabolism by pathways leading to CO2 and CHCl3 were evaluated by measuring the amounts of these metabolites exhaled during discrete intervals following six different doses of CCl4. Pulmonary pharmacokinetics of 14CO2 and CHCl3 exhalation after CCl4 administration were compared with those after Na214CO3 and 14CHCl3 administration.(More)
Functional integrity of liver cell organelles in rats given the model abrupt cytotoxin 1,1-dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) was examined by enzymatic histochemistry. Fasted 200-gm. male Sprague-Dawley rats were sacrificed 1, 2, 4, or 6 hours after an oral dose of 200 mg. of 1,1-DCE per kg. (in mineral oil) and 6 hours after 50, 100, or 150 mg. of 1,1-DCE per kg.(More)
Within 2 hr after 1,1-dichloroethylene administration, the following phenomena occur in livers of fasted rats: dilation and disruption of bile canaliculi, plasma membrane invagination and loss of microvilli, cytoplasmic vacuolation, and loss of density in mitochondrial matrices. Early, selective loss of enzyme activities was localized by histochemical(More)
The pathogenesis of 1,1-dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE)-induced hepatotoxicity was investigated in fasted male rats by identifying the earliest morphological alterations in organelles. In situ perfusion-fixed liver tissue was examined by light and electron microscopy at 1, 2, or 3 hr after oral administration of 25, 50, and 100 mg 1,1-DCE/kg in mineral oil. The(More)