Edward R. Samuel

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BACKGROUND Adoptive transfer of virus-specific T cells may accelerate reconstitution of antigen-specific immunity and limit the morbidity and mortality of viral infections following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The logistics of producing virus-specific T cells has, however, limited the application of cellular therapies, particularly(More)
Extensive evidence suggests that the malignant cells of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients are in close contact with activated T lymphocytes, which secrete a range of cytoprotective cytokines including interleukin-4 (IL-4). IL-4 induced the rapid phosphorylation and activation of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 transcription(More)
BACKGROUND Stem-cell-based, tissue engineered transplants might offer new therapeutic options for patients, including children, with failing organs. The reported replacement of an adult airway using stem cells on a biological scaffold with good results at 6 months supports this view. We describe the case of a child who received a stem-cell-based tracheal(More)
The distinct nature of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in adults, evidenced by inferior treatment outcome and different genetic landscape, mandates specific studies of disease-initiating mechanisms. In this study, we used NOD/LtSz-scid IL2Rγ null(c) (NSG) mouse xenotransplantation approaches to elucidate leukemia-initiating cell (LIC) biology in primary(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections post-haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) can be effectively controlled through the adoptive transfer of donor-derived CMV-specific T cells (CMV-T). Current strategies involve a second leukapheresis collection from the original donor to manufacture CMV-T, which is often not possible in the unrelated donor setting.(More)
We studied the actions of 2-phenylacetylenesulfonamide (PAS) on B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells. PAS (5-20 microM) initiated apoptosis within 24 hours, with maximal death at 48 hours asassessed by morphology, cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), caspase 3 activation, and annexin V staining. PAS treatment induced Bax proapoptotic(More)
BACKGROUND Donor leukocyte infusions (DLI) are given after hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation to eradicate persistent tumor or correct mixed chimerism (MC). The drawback of DLI is the risk of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). In this phase I study, we examined the potential of highly extensive CD8 depletion of DLI as a means of improving its safety(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific T cell infusion to immunocompromised patients following allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (allo-HSCT) is able to induce a successful anti-viral response. These cells have classically been manufactured from steady-state apheresis samples collected from the donor in an additional harvest prior to G-CSF(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated the effective control of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections post haematopoietic stem cell transplant through the adoptive transfer of donor derived CMV-specific T cells (CMV-T). Strategies for manufacturing CMV immunotherapies has involved a second leukapheresis or blood draw from the donor, which in the unrelated donor(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS Cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation remains an important risk after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, which can be effectively controlled through adoptive transfer of donor-derived CMV-specific T cells (CMV-T). CMV-T are usually obtained from donor peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) collected before G-CSF mobilization. Despite(More)