Edward Preston

Learn More
The dentate gyrus is one of the few areas of the mammalian brain where new neurons are continuously produced in adulthood. Certain insults such as epileptic seizures and ischemia are known to enhance the rate of neuronal production. We analyzed this phenomenon using the temporary occlusion of the two carotid arteries combined with arterial hypotension as a(More)
Laddered DNA indicative of apoptosis was observed in the CA1 layer of hippocampus and in dorsolateral striatum following a global cerebral ischemic insult produced by transient two vessel occlusion in rats. The extent of this DNA damage was proportional to the duration of the ischemic episode. Breaks in DNA were demonstrated in situ in sections from(More)
OBJECTIVE Tracer constants (Ki) for blood-to-brain diffusion of sucrose were measured in the rat to profile the time course of blood-brain barrier injury after temporary focal ischemia, and to determine the influence of post-ischemic hypothermia. METHODS Spontaneously hypertensive rats were subjected to transient (2 hours) clip occlusion of the right(More)
Vascular basement membrane (BM) stabilizes brain vessels and inhibits endothelial cell cycle. Cerebral ischemia causes BM breakdown with the loss of structural BM components including collagens and laminins. In this study, the expression changes of the BM proteoglycan agrin, and the non-structural BM constituent SPARC (BM-40, osteonectin), were studied in(More)
Confounding any genome-scale analysis of gene expression after cerebral ischemia is massive suppression of protein synthesis. This inefficient translation questions the utility of examining profiles of total transcripts. Our approach to such postischemic gene profiling in the mouse by microarray analysis was to concentrate on those mRNAs bound to(More)
A sensitive radiotracer method was used to explore the time course and regional pattern of blood-brain barrier (BBB) opening that occurs in a rat forebrain ischemia model that mimics temporary cardiac arrest. Immediately following 10 min of ischemia, transfer constants (Ki) for blood to brain permeation of [3H]sucrose were augmented severalfold, indicating(More)
Freshly sampled brain tissue exposed to 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) acquires a red color because mitochondrial enzymes reduce the colorless TTC to a red, water-insoluble formazan deposit. Pan-necrotic areas remain uncolored, which enables quantitation of experimental brain injury by optical scanning and image analysis of serial slices to(More)
The anti-obesity drug fenfluramine, promotes loss of weight by reducing food intake; however, there is controversy as to whether the drug can also elevate expenditure of energy. Resting consumption of oxygen (VO2) was measured in conscious rats to determine whether the injection of fenfluramine increased metabolic rate and whether prior fasting, or ambient(More)
Experiments were conducted to explore the time course of changes in blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability that may occur in the 2-vessel occlusion model of stroke in the rat. Anaesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats underwent 10 min of cerebral ischaemia produced by bilateral carotid occlusion plus haemorrhagic hypotension. After 6 min, or 3, 6, 18, 24, 48 h(More)
The time course of appearance of cells with DNA damage was studied in rats following transient severe forebrain ischemia. This DNA damage could be detected by in situ end-labeling on brain sections. The breaks in DNA appeared selectively by day 1 in the striatum and later in the CA1 region of the hippocampus. It was possible by double labeling to show that(More)