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Cyclin B is the key regulatory protein controlling mitosis in all eukaryotes, where it binds cyclin-dependent kinase, cdk1, forming a complex which initiates the mitotic program through phosphorylation of select proteins. Cyclin B regulates the activation, subcellular localization, and substrate specificity of cdk1, and destruction of cyclin B is necessary(More)
PURPOSE To review the recent advances in the atomic-level understanding of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase (TK). We aim to highlight the current and future importance of these studies for the understanding and treatment of malignancies where EGFR-TK is improperly activated. METHODS The analysis was conducted on published(More)
The C-terminal cytoplasmic tail of polycystin-2 (PC2/TRPP2), a Ca(2+)-permeable channel, is frequently mutated or truncated in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. We have previously shown that this tail consists of three functional regions: an EF-hand domain (PC2-EF, 720-797), a flexible linker (798-827), and an oligomeric coiled coil domain(More)
The proteins securin and cyclin B are destroyed in mitosis by the ubiquitin/proteasome system. This destruction is important to mitotic progression. The N-terminal regions of these proteins contain the sequence features recognized by the ubiquitination system. We have demonstrated using circular dichroism and 1-D and 2-D nuclear magnetic resonance that(More)
In polycystic kidney disease (PKD), polycystin-2 (PC2) is frequently mutated or truncated in the C-terminal cytoplasmic tail (PC2-C). The currently accepted model of PC2-C consists of an EF-hand motif overlapping with a short coiled coil; however, this model fails to explain the mechanisms by which PC2 truncations C-terminal to this region lead to PKD.(More)
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) arises following mutations of either Pkd1 or Pkd2. The proteins these genes encode, polycystin-1 (PC1) and polycystin-2 (PC2), form a signaling complex using direct intermolecular interactions. Two distinct domains in the C-terminal tail of PC2 have recently been identified, an EF-hand and a coiled-coil(More)
Targeted therapy against epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) represents a major therapeutic advance in lung cancer treatment. Somatic mutations of the EGFR gene, most commonly L858R (exon 21) and short in-frame exon 19 deletions, have been found to confer enhanced sensitivity toward the inhibitors gefitinib and erlotinib. We have recently identified an(More)
Polycystin-2 (PC2) is a Ca(2+)-permeable transient receptor potential channel activated and regulated by changes in cytoplasmic Ca(2+). PC2 mutations are responsible for ∼15% of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. Although the C-terminal cytoplasmic tail of PC2 has been shown to contain a Ca(2+)-binding EF-hand domain, the molecular basis of PC2(More)
We report the synthesis of steroidal 16,17-seco-16,17a-dinitriles and investigate their antitumor cell properties. Compounds were evaluated for anticancer potential by in vitro antiproliferation studies, molecular docking and virtual screening. Several compounds inhibit the growth of breast and prostate cancer cell lines (MCF-7, MDA-MB-231 and PC3), and/or(More)
The Arctic springtail, Megaphorura arctica, survives sub-zero temperatures in a dehydrated state via trehalose-dependent cryoprotective dehydration. Regulation of trehalose biosynthesis is complex; based in part on studies in yeast and fungi, its connection with oxidative stress caused by exposure of cells to oxidants, such as hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂), or(More)