Edward Patrick Morris

Learn More
The licensing of eukaryotic DNA replication origins, which ensures once-per-cell-cycle replication, involves the loading of six related minichromosome maintenance proteins (Mcm2-7) into prereplicative complexes (pre-RCs). Mcm2-7 forms the core of the replicative DNA helicase, which is inactive in the pre-RC. The loading of Mcm2-7 onto DNA requires the(More)
Here we describe the first 3D structure of the photosystem II (PSII) supercomplex of higher plants, constructed by single particle analysis of images obtained by cryoelectron microscopy. This large multisubunit membrane protein complex functions to absorb light energy and catalyze the oxidation of water and reduction of plastoquinone. The resolution of the(More)
Type III secretion systems (T3SSs) mediate bacterial protein translocation into eukaryotic cells, a process essential for virulence of many Gram-negative pathogens. They are composed of a cytoplasmic secretion machinery and a base that bridges both bacterial membranes, into which a hollow, external needle is embedded. When isolated, the latter two parts are(More)
Photosystem II is a multisubunit enzyme complex involved in plant photosynthesis. It uses solar energy to catalyse the breakdown of water to reducing equivalents and molecular oxygen. Native photosystem II comprises more than 25 different subunits, and has a relative molecular mass of more than 600K. Here we report the three-dimensional structure of a(More)
A review of the structural properties of the photosystem II chlorophyll binding proteins, CP47 and CP43, is given and a model of the transmembrane helical domains of CP47 has been constructed. The model is based on (i) the amino acid sequence of the spinach protein, (ii) an 8 A three-dimensional electron density map derived from electron crystallography and(More)
Photosystem II core dimers (450 kDa) and monomers (230 kDa) consisting of CP47, CP43, the D1 and D2 proteins, the extrinsic 33-kDa subunit, and the low molecular weight polypeptides PsbE, PsbF, PsbH, PsbI, PsbK, PsbL, PsbTc, and PsbW were isolated by sucrose density gradient centrifugation. The photosystem II core dimers were treated with phospholipase A2(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyse the significance of risk factors and the role of episiotomy in preventing obstetric anal sphincter injury at vaginal delivery. STUDY DESIGN This is a retrospective cross-sectional study in the Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital in the UK. All caesarean sections and non-vertex presentations were excluded, which resulted in a study(More)
Here we present cryoelectron crystallographic analysis of an isolated dimeric oxygen-evolving complex of photosystem II (at a resolution of approximately 0.9 nm), revealing that the D1-D2 reaction center (RC) proteins are centrally located between the chlorophyll-binding proteins, CP43 and CP47. This conclusion supports the hypothesis that photosystems I(More)
Eukaryotic DNA replication initiates from multiple replication origins. To ensure each origin fires just once per cell cycle, initiation is divided into two biochemically discrete steps: the Mcm2-7 helicase is first loaded into prereplicative complexes (pre-RCs) as an inactive double hexamer by the origin recognition complex (ORC), Cdt1 and Cdc6; the(More)