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BACKGROUND Chemotherapy combinations that include an alkylating agent and a platinum coordination complex have high response rates in women with advanced ovarian cancer. Such combinations provide long-term control of disease in few patients, however. We compared two combinations, cisplatin and cyclophosphamide and cisplatin and paclitaxel, in women with(More)
OBJECTIVE Ovarian cancer screening with transvaginal ultrasound (TVU) and CA-125 was evaluated in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) Trial. STUDY DESIGN This was a randomized controlled trial of screening versus usual care. Baseline screening results are reported. RESULTS Of 39,115 women randomized to receive screening, 28,816 received at(More)
CONTEXT Screening for ovarian cancer with cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) and transvaginal ultrasound has an unknown effect on mortality. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of screening for ovarian cancer on mortality in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Randomized controlled trial of(More)
From 1969 to 1990, 649 patients with adenocarcinoma of the endometrium were surgically managed by gynecologic oncologists from the University of Alabama at Birmingham. All patients underwent TAH-BSO and washings. Two hundred twelve patients had multiple-site pelvic node sampling (mean number of nodes, 11), 205 patients had limited site pelvic node sampling(More)
The American Cancer Society (ACS) has developed guidelines for the use of the prophylactic human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine for the prevention of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and cervical cancer. These recommendations are based on a formal review of the available evidence. They address the use of prophylactic HPV vaccines, including who should be(More)
Cervical cancer is the second most common female tumor worldwide, and its incidence is disproportionately high (>80%) in the developing world. In the United States, in which Papanicolaou (Pap) tests have reduced the annual incidence to approximately 11,000 cervical cancers, >60% of cases are reported to occur in medically underserved populations as part of(More)
OBJECTIVES We previously reported that women polymorphic for the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene were less likely to have cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2 or 3 (odds ratio [OR] 0.40, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.21-0.78, P = 0.007). In the present study, we tested whether this protective association is modified by circulating(More)
Three hundred seventy-five patients with CIN on referral Pap and with a distinct cervical lesion on colposcopy were prospectively randomized to treatment with LLETZ or to standard colposcopic evaluation with directed cervical biopsies, endocervical curettage, and laser ablation of the transformation zone for biopsy proven CIN. Of the 195 patients that(More)
Administration of an alkylating agent plus a platinum coordination complex is standard therapy for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer in the United States. The most commonly used combination is cyclophosphamide/ cisplatin; however, the benefit of this combination in overall survival has not been compelling. We report a prospective comparison of this regimen(More)
BACKGROUND The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) published the 1st edition of the Cancer Staging Manual in 1977 and began using T (tumor extent), N (regional lymph node status), and M (the presence or absence of distant metastasis) in an organized staging scheme to express the extent of disease in a number of cancer sites. The goal of this program(More)