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—Let G ¼ ðV ; E; wÞ be a simple digraph, in which all edge weights are nonnegative real numbers. Let G 0 be obtained from G by an application of a set of edge weight updates to G. Let s 2 V and let T s and T 0 s be Shortest Path Trees (SPTs) rooted at s in G and G 0 , respectively. The Dynamic Shortest Path (DSP) problem is to compute T 0 s from T s.(More)
We investigate the fundamental problem of when a ground atom in a disjunctive database is assumed false. There are basically two diierent approaches for inferring negative information for disjunctive databases; they are Minker's Generalized Closed World Assumption (GCWA) and Ross and Topor's Disjunctive Database Rule (DDR). A problem with the GCWA is that(More)
In a context considering in a unique framework all the relations in a database, by means of the notion of global consistency, independent database schemes allow enforcement of constraints to be performed JocaJJy, thus providing independent updatability of the various relations. Independent schemes have hitherto been studied in the presence of functionirl(More)
This randomized controlled trial examined the psychological, physical, and neurophysiological effects of a qigong exercise program on depressed elders with chronic medical illness. The experimental group (n = 21, 80 ± 7 years) was given a 12-week qigong exercise program, while the comparison group (n = 17, 81 ± 8 years) participated in a newspaper reading(More)