Edward N Baker

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Lactoferrin (Lf) is widely distributed, in mammalian milks, other secretory fluids and white blood cells, and its biology is complex. The three-dimensional structure of this important protein was determined in 1987, giving the first atomic view of any member of the transferrin family. This review examines how structural knowledge has contributed to our(More)
Many bacterial pathogens have long, slender pili through which they adhere to host cells. The crystal structure of the major pilin subunit from the Gram-positive human pathogen Streptococcus pyogenes at 2.2 angstroms resolution reveals an extended structure comprising two all-beta domains. The molecules associate in columns through the crystal, with each(More)
The paper describes the arrangement of the atoms within rhombohedral crystals of 2Zn pig insulin as seen in electron density maps calculated from X-ray data extending to 1.5 A (1 A = 10(-10) m = 10(-1) nm) at room temperature and refined to R = 0.153. The unit cell contains 2 zinc ions, 6 insulin molecules and about 3 x 283 water molecules. The atoms in the(More)
DsbC is one of five Escherichia coli proteins required for disulfide bond formation and is thought to function as a disulfide bond isomerase during oxidative protein folding in the periplasm. DsbC is a 2 x 23 kDa homodimer and has both protein disulfide isomerase and chaperone activity. We report the 1.9 A resolution crystal structure of oxidized DsbC where(More)
The leucine biosynthetic pathway is essential for the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and is a potential target for the design of new anti-tuberculosis drugs. The crystal structure of alpha-isopropylmalate synthase, which catalyzes the first committed step in this pathway, has been determined by multiwavelength anomalous dispersion methods and refined(More)
Lactoferrin shares many structural and functional features with serum transferrin, including an ability to bind iron very tightly, but reversibly, a highly-conserved three-dimensional structure, and essentially identical iron-binding sites. Nevertheless, lactoferrin has some unique properties that differentiate it: an ability to retain iron to much lower(More)
The structures of the trigonal crystal form of bovine beta-lactoglobulin variant A at pH 6.2, 7.1, and 8.2 have been determined by X-ray diffraction methods at a resolution of 2.56, 2. 24, and 2.49 A, respectively. The corresponding values for R (Rfree) are 0.192 (0.240), 0.234 (0.279), and 0.232 (0.277). The C and N termini as well as two disulfide bonds(More)
Antibiotic resistance is a major issue in the treatment of infectious diseases such as tuberculosis. Existing antibiotics target only a few cellular pathways and there is an urgent need for antibiotics that have novel molecular mechanisms. The glmU gene is essential in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, being required for optimal bacterial growth, and has been(More)
Iron is essential to life, but poses severe problems because of its toxicity and the insolubility of hydrated ferric ions at neutral pH. In animals, a family of proteins called transferrins are responsible for the sequestration, transport, and distribution of free iron. Comparison of the structure and function of transferrins with a completely unrelated(More)