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Among individuals living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), studies have found that smokers are at greater risk than nonsmokers to develop bacterial pneumonia, oral lesions and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) dementia complex. Information is lacking regarding the prevalence of cigarette smoking among people living with HIV or about their(More)
Self-directed delivery modes for continuing medical education (CME) are the most effective approaches for improving physician performance. However, instructor-directed programs are still the most popular methods used for CME. The purpose of the study was to assess the utilization, preferences and barriers to use of nine different CME delivery methods by(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to investigate risk factors associated with persistent or recurrent upper extremity and neck pain among engineering graduate students. METHODS A random sample of 206 Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS) graduate students at a large public university completed an online questionnaire. RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND Continuing education/continuing medical education (CE/CME) programs that adopt self-directed, computer-based instruction formats via the Internet or CD-ROM can ease the demands placed on clinicians who are required by licensing boards to accumulate CE/CME credits as part of their career-long learning. Despite the benefits and availability of(More)
Technological innovations in the past decade have made possible several promising new modes for delivering continuing education (CE). Offering a wide variety of educational approaches is necessary to satisfy the different learning needs and preferences of program participants. Continuing education planners need to assess the preferences and practices of(More)
INTRODUCTION Because of the need for a well-trained public health workforce, professional competencies have been recently revised by the Institute of Medicine and the National Health Educator Competencies Update Project. This study compared the self-identified training needs of public health educators with the updated competencies and assessed employer(More)
African American men who have sex with men and who do not identify as gay are at high risk for HIV infection. This paper presents the results of the photovoice component, a participatory action research method, of a two-tiered qualitative study design that explored the perceptions of non-gay identified African American men who have sex with men living or(More)
INTRODUCTION Today there are significant challenges to public health, and effective responses to them will require complex approaches and strategies implemented by a qualified workforce. An adequately prepared workforce requires long-term development; however, local health departments have limited financial and staff resources. Schools and programs(More)
Maternal syphilis adversely affects close to one million pregnancies worldwide every year with consequences that may include spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, neonatal death, premature birth, neurological impairment and bone deformities of the neonate. In Bolivia, the maternal syphilis rate has been estimated at 4.3% among women with live births and 26%(More)
The Seroconversion Narratives for AIDS Prevention (SNAP) study elicited narratives from recently infected seropositive gay and bisexual men that described the circumstances of their own seroconversion. This analysis of the narratives explored participants' attributions of responsibility for HIV prevention before and after they became infected. Before(More)