Edward M. Kaye

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Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an inborn error of amino acid metabolism, which affects the brain tissue resulting in impairment or death if untreated. Imaging studies have shown reversible brain edema during acute metabolic decompensation. The purpose of this paper is to describe the diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and spectroscopy findings during(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether newborn screening by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) for medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD) is cost-effective versus not screening and to define the contributions of disease, test, and population parameters on the decision. METHODS A decision-analytic Markov model was designed to perform(More)
Inborn metabolic errors causing lysosomal storage, such as beta-galactosidase deficiency (G(M1) gangliosidosis [G(M1)]), have well-recognized effects on cellular function and morphology. In some classically "neuronal" storage diseases, including G(M1), neuroradiologic observations of infants have suggested a delay in myelination on the basis of persistently(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), pathologic examinations, and biochemical analyses were performed on 2 different canine mutants with GM1 gangliosidosis (i.e., English Springer Spaniel and Portuguese Water Dog) and on age- and sex-matched controls. Serial MRI studies were also performed on a child with infantile-onset GM1 gangliosidosis. The affected dogs(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorder caused by mutations in the SMN1 gene that result in a deficiency of SMN protein. One approach to treat SMA is to use antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) to redirect the splicing of a paralogous gene, SMN2, to boost production of functional SMN. Injection of a(More)
BACKGROUND Phenobarbital, once widely prescribed to prevent febrile seizures, is now in disfavor because of its side effects and lack of efficacy. Diazepam, administered only during episodes of fever, may be a safe, effective agent to prevent the recurrence of febrile seizures. METHODS We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial(More)
OBJECTIVE To continue evaluation of the long-term efficacy and safety of eteplirsen, a phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomer designed to skip DMD exon 51 in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Three-year progression of eteplirsen-treated patients was compared to matched historical controls (HC). METHODS Ambulatory DMD patients who were ≥7(More)
We used a high-performance liquid chromatography method to measure CSF gangliosides, neutral glycolipids, and sulfatides in patients with lysosomal storage disorders. These measurements could be done on less than 1 milliliter of CSF. In patients with GM1 gangliosidosis, GM1 ganglioside was increased, and in GM2 gangliosidosis patients, GM2 ganglioside was(More)
Two identical single-ascending-dose studies evaluated the safety and pharmacokinetics (PK) of AVI-6002 and AVI-6003, two experimental combinations of phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomers with positive charges (PMOplus) that target viral mRNA encoding Ebola virus and Marburg virus proteins, respectively. Both AVI-6002 and AVI-6003 were found to suppress(More)
Niemann-Pick disease, type C is a lysosomal storage disease characterized by hepatosplenomegaly, the presence of foam cells in the reticuloendothelial system, and gradual motor and cognitive decline leading to death. Over 90% of patients demonstrated a defect of cholesterol esterification in cultured fibroblasts. This finding allows a reliable biochemical(More)