Edward M. Blanchard

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To prevent dissection injury when cutting strip preparations from human left ventricular papillary muscle tissue, dissections were carried out with 2,3-butanedione monoxime (30 mM) added to Krebs-Ringer solution and followed by washout with normal solution. Eleven muscle strip preparations were dissected from left ventricular papillary muscle tissue of five(More)
The aim of experiments described here was to test whether deactivation of cardiac myofibrils in acidic pH is associated with decreases in amounts of calcium bound to myofilament troponin. We determined the amounts of myofibrillar bound calcium attributable to troponin, from measurements of calcium binding to myofibrils and to myosin and from determination(More)
At low concentrations (up to 5 mM) the compound 2,3-butanedione monoxime (BDM) was found to reduce twitch tension and initial heat production in isolated papillary muscles without significantly affecting the size of the intracellular Ca transient measured with aequorin luminescence. Higher concentrations of BDM caused further inhibition of twitch tension(More)
We created a mouse that lacks a functional alpha-tropomyosin gene using gene targeting in embryonic stem cells and blastocyst-mediated transgenesis. Homozygous alpha-tropomyosin "knockout" mice die between embryonic day 9.5 and 13.5 and lack alpha-tropomyosin mRNA. Heterozygous alpha-tropomyosin knockout mice have approximately 50% as much cardiac(More)
Alteration in crossbridge behavior and myocardial performance have been associated with myosin isoenzyme composition in animal models of myocardial hypertrophy or atrophy. In the hypertrophied human heart, myocardial performance is altered without significant changes in myosin isoenzymes. To better understand this discrepancy, isometric heat and force(More)
1. Heat and force were measured from isometrically contracting (0.2 Hz) rabbit papillary muscles at 21 degrees C during a single contraction-relaxation cycle using antimony-bismuth thermopiles and a capacitance force transducer. 2. Tension-independent heat (TIH) associated with excitation-contraction coupling was isolated from the initial heat by(More)
We compared the effect of reductions in pH from 7.0 to 6.5 and to 6.2 on Mg-ATPase activity and Ca2+ binding of rabbit psoas myofilaments. The amounts of Ca2+ bound attributable to myofilament whole troponin complexes (Tn) were determined from studies on Tn free (desensitized) myofibrils and from measurements of the myofilament Ca2+ binding subunit of Tn(More)
Our results show that calcium activation of myofilament preparations of dog heart in the perinatal period is unaffected by a reduction in pH from 7.0 to 6.5, which, in adult heart myofilaments, induces a 0.4 pCa unit (-log molar free calcium concentration) rightward shift in the relation between pCa and myofibrillar adenosine triphosphatase activity. Acidic(More)
A mutation in the cardiac beta-myosin heavy chain, Arg403Gln (R403Q), causes a severe form of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC) in humans. We used small-amplitude (0.25%) length-perturbation analysis to examine the mechanical properties of skinned left ventricular papillary muscle strips from mouse hearts bearing the R403Q mutation in the(More)
Contractile force of the myocardium can be increased by different molecular mechanisms, and therefore different energetic consequences may result. The influence of the inotropic substances isoproterenol and UDCG-115 on myocardial energetics in isometrically contracting left ventricular rat papillary muscles was investigated by means of highly sensitive(More)