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Interferons (IFNs) have an important role in cell growth and differentiation. The most well-known function of IFNs is their antiviral activity; viral infections result in induction of the transcription of the IFN-alpha and IFN-beta genes. Recently we isolated the gene encoding a transcription factor, IRF-1, that may play a part in the induction of IFN(More)
Two interleukin-2 receptor-dependent signaling pathways have thus far been identified: the c-fos/c-jun induction pathway mediated by src family protein-tyrosine kinases and the c-myc induction pathway. Here, we provide evidence for the existence of a third, rapamycin-sensitive pathway, which results in the induction of another proto-oncogene, bcl-2. In the(More)
1. N-type Ca(2+) channel modulation by an endogenous P2Y receptor was investigated by the whole-cell patch-clamp method in HEK 293 cells transfected with the functional rabbit N-type calcium channel. 2. The current responses (I(Ca(N))) to depolarizing voltage steps were depressed by ATP in a concentration-dependent manner. Inclusion of either guanosine(More)
We have cloned and sequenced the cDNA of the human brain ryanodine receptor (RyR3), which is composed of 4866 amino acids and shares characteristic structural features with the rabbit RyR3. Northern blot analysis shows that the human RyR3 mRNA is abundantly expressed in hippocampus, caudate nucleus and amygdala as well as in skeletal muscle. The human RyR3(More)
alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA) -type glutamate receptors play a critical role in excitotoxicity associated with cerebral hypoxia, ischaemia and other acute brain insults. AMPA receptors are composed of GluR1-GluR4 subunits in homomeric and heteromeric assemblies, forming nonselective cation channels. In addition, each subunit(More)
Members of the newly identified receptor family for cytokines characteristically lack the intrinsic protein tyrosine kinase domain that is a hallmark of other growth factor receptors. Instead, accumulating evidence suggests that these receptors utilize nonreceptor-type protein tyrosine kinases for downstream signal transduction by cytokines. We have shown(More)
Nociceptive transduction in inflammatory and neuropathic pain involves peripherally expressed voltage-gated sodium channels, such as tetrodotoxin (TTX)-sensitive PN1 and TTX-resistant PN3. We generated recombinant cell lines stably expressing the human PN1 and PN3 sodium channels in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells using inducible expression vectors. The(More)
Human homomeric and heteromeric alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA)-type glutamate receptors (GluRs) were stably expressed in HEK293 cells with cDNAs encoding the flip splice variant of GluR1, GluR2, GluR3, GluR4 subunit, and the GluR1/GluR2, GluR3/GluR2, and GluR4/GluR2 combination. The lethal combination of GluR2 and GluR4 subunits(More)
Cells preferentially expressing GluR4-containing alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic acid (AMPA) receptors are particularly sensitive to excitotoxicity mediated through non-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors. However, the excitotoxic signalling pathways associated with GluR4-containing AMPA receptors are not known. In this work, we investigated(More)
BIIR 561 CL is a novel blocker of AMPA receptors and voltage-dependent sodium channels. In this study we further describe the effects of BIIR 561 CL on AMPA receptor-mediated membrane currents in rodent neurons, as well as in cells expressing recombinant human GluR1/2 receptors in more detail. BIIR 561 CL suppressed responses to kainate in neuronal cultures(More)