Edward Karpinski

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The human concentrative (Na(+)-linked) plasma membrane transport proteins hCNT1 and hCNT2 are selective for pyrimidine nucleosides (system cit) and purine nucleosides (system cif), respectively. Both have homologs in other mammalian species and belong to a gene family (CNT) that also includes hfCNT, a newly identified broad specificity pyrimidine and purine(More)
BACKGROUND Gemcitabine, a pyrimidine analogue of deoxycytidine, is an anticancer nucleoside drug that requires functional plasma membrane nucleoside transporter proteins to reach its intracellular targets and cause cytotoxicity. Because of technical difficulties inherent in studying nucleoside transport in human cells, we rigorously defined gemcitabine(More)
The concentrative nucleoside transporter (CNT) protein family in humans is represented by three members, hCNT1, hCNT2, and hCNT3. hCNT3, a Na+/nucleoside symporter, transports a broad range of physiological purine and pyrimidine nucleosides as well as anticancer and antiviral nucleoside drugs, and belongs to a different CNT subfamily than hCNT1/2.(More)
The human concentrative (Na+-linked) plasma membrane transport proteins hCNT1 and hCNT2, found primarily in specialized epithelia, are selective for pyrimidine nucleosides (system cit) and purine nucleosides (system cif), respectively. Both have orthologs in other mammalian species and belong to a gene family (CNT) that also includes members in lower(More)
Human concentrative nucleoside transporter 1 (hCNT1) mediates active transport of nucleosides and anticancer and antiviral nucleoside drugs across cell membranes by coupling influx to the movement of Na(+) down its electrochemical gradient. The two-microelectrode voltage-clamp technique was used to measure steady-state and presteady-state currents of(More)
Progesterone (P) has an inhibitory effect on the contractility of gastrointestinal smooth muscle, including the gallbladder. Since P levels are elevated during pregnancy, a biliary stasis may develop during pregnancy that is characterized by an increase in the fasting and residual volumes and by a decrease in emptying capacity. This study investigates the(More)
Vascular actions of progesterone have been reported, independently of estrogen, affecting both blood pressure and other aspects of the cardiovascular system. To study possible mechanisms underlying these effects, we examined the effects of P in vivo in intact rats and in vitro in isolated artery and vascular smooth muscle cell preparations. In anesthetized(More)
The effect of an active synthetic N-terminal fragment of bovine parathyroid hormone (bPTH), bPTH-(1-34), on Ca2+ channels was studied in mouse neuroblastoma cells (N1E-115). With the whole-cell variation of the patch-clamp technique, T (transient) and L (long-lasting) types of Ca2+ currents were identified. Pharmacological characterization showed that the L(More)
The effect of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) on the L-type Ca2+ channel current (L-channel current) was studied in smooth muscle cells prepared from the rat tail artery. PACAP caused an increase in the amplitude of the L-channel current. The maximal increase (56%) occurred at a PACAP concentration of 1 x 10(-8) M; higher(More)
The effect of nifedipine dissolved in different solvents on the two types of calcium channel currents in neuroblastoma cells was investigated using the whole cell version of the patch clamp technique. Nifedipine dissolved in dimethylsulfoxide (nifedipine/DMSO) decreased the transient calcium channel (T channel) current by 50% at a concentration of 10 μM.(More)