Edward I. Shaw

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Chlamydiae replicate within an intracellular vacuole, termed an inclusion, that is non-fusogenic with vesicles of the endosomal or lysosomal compartments. Instead, the inclusion appears to intersect an exocytic pathway from which chlamydiae intercept sphingomyelin en route from the Golgi apparatus to the plasma membrane. Chlamydial protein synthesis is(More)
The obligate intracellular bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis has a unique developmental cycle that involves functionally and morphologically distinct cell types adapted for extracellular survival and intracellular multiplication. Infection is initiated by an environmentally resistant cell type called an elementary body (EB). Over the first several hours of(More)
Chlamydia trachomatis is a bacterial obligate intracellular parasite that replicates within a vacuole, termed an inclusion, that does not fuse with lysosomes. Within 2 h after internalization, the C. trachomatis inclusion ceases to interact with the endocytic pathway and, instead, becomes fusogenic with exocytic vesicles containing exogenously synthesized(More)
Accurate bacterial identification is important in diagnosing disease and in microbial forensics. Coxiella burnetii, a highly infective microorganism causative of the human disease Q fever, is now considered a U.S. category B potential bioterrorism agent. We report here an approach for the confirmatory identification of C. burnetii at the strain level which(More)
We investigated the mechanisms of osmoadaptation in the order Halobacteriales, with special emphasis on Haladaptatus paucihalophilus, known for its ability to survive in low salinities. H. paucihalophilus genome contained genes for trehalose synthesis (trehalose-6-phosphate synthase/trehalose-6-phosphatase (OtsAB pathway) and trehalose glycosyl-transferring(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that Rickettsia prowazekii can regulate transcription of selected genes at the level of initiation. However, little information concerning the existence of operons and coordinate gene regulation in this obligate intracellular parasitic bacterium is available. To address these issues, we have focused on the rpoD gene linkage(More)
Coxiella burnetii is a Gram-negative pleomorphic bacterium and the causative agent of Q fever. During infection, the pathogen survives and replicates within a phagosome-like parasitophorous vacuole while influencing cellular functions throughout the host cell, indicating a capacity for effector protein secretion. Analysis of the C. burnetii (RSA 493 strain)(More)