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Widespread use of digital imagery has resulted in a need to manage large collections of images. Systems providing query by example (QBE) capability offer improved access to contents of image libraries by retrieving matches to a query image. Texture is an important feature to consider in the matching process. However, standard approaches often employ a(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated a possible mechanism of action for the antidepressant response to light-phase advances of the circadian clock-by measuring the onset of melatonin secretion before and after light treatment in the morning or evening. METHODS Plasma melatonin was sampled in 42 patients with seasonal affective disorder, in the evening or overnight(More)
The authors report a study of 24-hour serial cortisol determinations, measured during baseline and after the administration of 0.25 and 0.5 mg of dexamethasone in a sample of predominantly outpatient children with major depressive disorder, nonaffective psychiatric controls, and normal controls. In this sample, 24-hour baseline cortisol and the(More)
The cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) contains an antibody that immunocytochemically reacts with dopamine (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra (SN). This antibody was found in 78% of the CSF samples taken from patients with clinical PD. In contrast, only 3% of the CSF samples taken from control patients or patients with(More)
Heart rate increases during psychological stress are the product of cardiac sympathetic activation and parasympathetic withdrawal. Levels of plasma epinephrine (E) and norepinephrine (NE) have a long history as indicators of cardiac adrenergic activity and, accordingly, generally increase in response to psychological challenge. Recently, several(More)
We have previously demonstrated that extracts of striatal tissue from patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) increase the survival of dopamine neurons in mesencephalic cultures relative to striatal extracts from control patients. In the present study, ventricular cerebrospinal fluid (vCSF) from patients with PD, Alzheimer's disease (AD), and age-matched(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors sought to determine whether fluphenazine dose or plasma level predicts clinical improvement or side effects during acute treatment. METHOD Oral fluphenazine was given in fixed, randomized, double-blind doses (10, 20, or 30 mg/day) for 4 weeks to 72 inpatients with acute schizophrenic exacerbations. Outcome measures included(More)
Image segmentation can be viewed as the process of classifying regions in a picture into groups with common properties (i.e. texture). A difficulty arising is that common texture can be classified differently when viewed at different scales and rotated viewpoints. This paper presents a feature vector based on the DT-CWT (dual-tree complex wavelet transform(More)
Prenatal exposure to the dopamine (DA) agonist cocaine, even if limited to early gestation, is associated with impaired developmental outcome in the human infant. We investigated the possible role of neurotrophic factors in this process by evaluating 4- to 6-d-old New Zealand White rabbit pups (n = 14) born to cocaine-exposed does (30 mg/kg/d s.c. from days(More)