Edward H. Oldfield

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For many compounds (neurotrophic factors, antibodies, growth factors, genetic vectors, enzymes) slow diffusion in the brain severely limits drug distribution and effect after direct drug administration into brain parenchyma. We investigated convection as a means to enhance the distribution of the large and small molecules 111In-labeled transferrin(More)
The mechanisms previously proposed for the progression of syringomyelia associated with Chiari I malformation of the cerebellar tonsils are controversial, leave many clinical observations unexplained, and underlie the prevalence of different operations currently used as initial treatment. To explore the mechanism of syringomyelia progression in this(More)
We report a large series of 25 patients with TSH-secreting tumors (23 macroadenomas) followed at the NIH. Hyperthyroid symptoms were severe in 14 patients, mild in 8, and absent in 3. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to whether their thyroid had been treated (n = 11) or not (n = 14). In untreated patients, the classical diagnostic criteria(More)
OBJECT The goals of this study were to define the natural history and growth pattern of hemangioblastomas of the central nervous system (CNS) that are associated with von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease and to correlate features of hemangioblastomas that are associated with the development of symptoms and the need for treatment. METHODS The authors reviewed(More)
BACKGROUND Measurement of adrenocorticotropin levels in plasma from the inferior petrosal sinuses of patients with Cushing's syndrome can distinguish adrenocorticotropin-secreting pituitary tumors (Cushing's disease) from other causes of the syndrome, principally ectopic adrenocorticotropin secretion from an occult tumor. However, it is unknown whether such(More)
Spinal arteriovenous malformations originate probably by a detention in the normal evolution of the embryonic vessels. By unknow reasons, and about the end of the first month of the embryonic life, the normal differentation toward arteries, veins and capillaries fails, and non-differentiated vesseIs persist in the adult life, mantaining the anatomic and(More)
The medical records and arteriograms of 81 patients with spinal arteriovenous malformations (AVM's) were reviewed, and the vascular lesions were classified as dural arteriovenous (AV) fistulas or intradural AVM's. Intradural AVM's were further classified as intramedullary AVM's (juvenile and glomus types) and direct AV fistulas, which were extramedullary or(More)
Both stress-system activation and melancholic depression are characterized by fear, constricted affect, stereotyped thinking, and similar changes in autonomic and neuroendocrine function. Because norepinephrine (NE) and corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) can produce these physiological and behavioral changes, we measured the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)(More)
Infusion of MPTP (0.2-0.8 mg/kg) into the right internal carotid artery of monkeys produces toxin-induced injury to the right nigrostriatal pathway with sparing of other dopaminergic neurones on the infused side and with negligible or little injury to the opposite, untreated side. There are contralateral limb dystonic postures, rigidity, and bradykinesia,(More)
Expression of the vascular permeability factor/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGPF) gene was investigated in human central nervous system (CNS) neoplasms and normal brain. Adsorption of capillary permeability activity from human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cell conditioned medium and GBM cyst fluids by anti-VEGPF antibodies demonstrated that VEGPF(More)