Edward H. Kerns

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Data from in vitro plasma protein binding experiments that determine the fraction of protein-bound drug are frequently used in drug discovery to guide structure design and to prioritize compounds for in vivo studies. However, we consider that these practices are usually misleading, because in vivo efficacy is determined by the free (unbound) drug(More)
The recent advances in high throughput screening for biological activities and combinatorial chemistry have greatly expanded the number of drug candidates. Rapid screening for BBB penetration potential early in drug discovery programs provides important information for compound selection and guidance of synthesis for desirable CNS properties. In this paper,(More)
Metabolism of the antidepressant drug nefazodone was studied in humans after single and multiple 50 and 200 mg oral doses of [14C] nefazodone as part of a single and multiple dose balance study. Deuterium was included in the molecule to facilitate structural characterization of the metabolites by mass spectrometry. Metabolites were isolated from a 0-24 hr(More)
  • M S Lee, E H Kerns
  • Mass spectrometry reviews
  • 1999
The combination of high-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (LC/MS) has had a significant impact on drug development over the past decade. Continual improvements in LC/MS interface technologies combined with powerful features for structure analysis, qualitative and quantitative, have resulted in a widened scope of application. These(More)
  • E H Kerns
  • Journal of pharmaceutical sciences
  • 2001
The drug development bottlenecks of attrition and development time are being addressed by acquiring a profile of the candidate's physicochemical and physiological properties during early discovery phases. This information assists selection and optimization of pharmaceutical properties in parallel with activity. High throughput methods to measure the(More)
Permeability data from MDR1-MDCKII and PAMPA-BBB assays were compared to data from in situ brain perfusion to evaluate the accuracy of in vitro assays in predicting in vivo blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability. PAMPA-BBB significantly correlated to in situ brain perfusion, however, MDR1-MDCKII had no correlation with in situ brain perfusion. PAMPA-BBB(More)
Recently, it has been proposed that drug permeation is essentially carrier-mediated only and that passive lipoidal diffusion is negligible. This opposes the prevailing hypothesis of drug permeation through biological membranes, which integrates the contribution of multiple permeation mechanisms, including both carrier-mediated and passive lipoidal(More)
The solubility of a compound depends on its structure and solution conditions. Structure determines the lipophilicity, hydrogen bonding, molecular volume, crystal energy and ionizability, which determine solubility. Solution conditions are affected by pH, co-solvents, additives, ionic strength, time and temperature. Many drug discovery experiments are(More)