10Albina Orlova
9Vitold E. Galkin
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Type IV pili (T4P) are long, thin, flexible filaments on bacteria that undergo assembly-disassembly from inner membrane pilin subunits and exhibit astonishing multifunctionality. Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonococcal or GC) T4P are prototypic virulence factors and immune targets for increasingly antibiotic-resistant human pathogens, yet detailed structures are(More)
  • Adam Frost, Rushika Perera, Aurélien Roux, Krasimir Spasov, Olivier Destaing, Edward H. Egelman +2 others
  • 2008
BAR superfamily domains shape membranes through poorly understood mechanisms. We solved structures of F-BAR modules bound to flat and curved bilayers using electron (cryo)microscopy. We show that membrane tubules form when F-BARs polymerize into helical coats that are held together by lateral and tip-to-tip interactions. On gel-state membranes or after(More)
Utrophin, like its homologue dystrophin, forms a link between the actin cytoskeleton and the extracellular matrix. We have used a new method of image analysis to reconstruct actin filaments decorated with the actin-binding domain of utrophin, which contains two calponin homology domains. We find two different modes of binding, with either one or two(More)
Proteins in the actin depolymerizing factor (ADF)/cofilin family are essential for rapid F-actin turnover, and most depolymerize actin in a pH-dependent manner. Complexes of human and plant ADF with F-actin at different pH were examined using electron microscopy and a novel method of image analysis for helical filaments. Although ADF changes the mean twist(More)
Many actin-binding proteins contain calponin homology (CH) domains, but the manner in which these domains interact with F-actin has been controversial. Crystal structures have shown the tandem CH domains of alpha-actinin to be in a compact, closed conformation, but the interpretations of complexes of such tandem CH domains with F-actin have been ambiguous.(More)
Proteins in the ADF/cofilin (AC) family are essential for rapid rearrangements of cellular actin structures. They have been shown to be active in both the severing and depolymerization of actin filaments in vitro, but the detailed mechanism of action is not known. Under in vitro conditions, subunits in the actin filament can treadmill; with the hydrolysis(More)
BACKGROUND The core of the eukaryotic flagellum is the axoneme, a complex motile organelle composed of approximately 200 different polypeptides. The most prominent components of the axoneme are the central pair and nine outer doublet microtubules. Each doublet microtubule contains an A and a B tubule; these are composed, respectively, of 13 and 10-11(More)
In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier's archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: a b s t r a c t We present a major revision of the iterative helical real-space(More)
Flexible filamentous plant viruses cause more than half the viral crop damage in the world but are also potentially useful for biotechnology. Structural studies began more than 75 years ago but have failed, owing to the virion's extreme flexibility. We have used cryo-EM to generate an atomic model for bamboo mosaic virus, which reveals flexible N- and(More)