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Because of the oscillatory pattern of upper airway resistance and breathing during sleep in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), we hypothesized that OSA patients have an underlying instability of ventilatory drive to inspiratory muscles. To assess the stability of ventilatory drive in OSA patients and controls, we used the pseudorandom binary(More)
Because serotonin (5-HT) precursor or reuptake inhibitors improve obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), we hypothesized that brain serotonergic activity may be decreased in OSA. To test this hypothesis, we measured the cortisol response to the ingestion of L-5-hydroxytryptophan (L-5-HTP), a 5-HT precursor that is decarboxylated to 5-HT in the brain. Either L-5-HTP(More)
BACKGROUND Ultrasound (US) imaging can be enhanced using gas-filled microbubble contrast agents. Strong echo signals are induced at the tissue-gas interface following microbubble collapse. Applications include assessment of ventricular function and virtual histology. AIM While ultrasound and US contrast agents are widely used, their impact on the(More)
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