Edward G Rayya

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Eight individual and blended chemical disinfectants were screened for preliminary evaluation of safety, bactericidal and virucidal effectiveness against poultry and dairy organisms. The test organisms were Escherichia coli, Salmonella Enteritidis, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus spp. and Clostridium perfringens, in addition to avian influenza virus(More)
A total of 1 330 oropharyngeal swabs collected from wild and domestic birds in Lebanon were examined by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for type A avian influenza virus (AIV) during the migratory season between the autumn of 2005 and winter of 2006. Twenty-five species of birds were included in the study. There are 14 species of(More)
The authors evaluated the holistic efficacy of nine specific nutrient synergy (NS) against avian influenza virus (AIV) strain Lebanon 1 (H9N2). The study included two segments; the first was designed to determine the minimum dose among four doses (1X, 2X, 3X and 4X in which X = 24.4 mg/ml/bird) of NS, administered intraoesophageally, once per day between 7(More)
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