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Estrogen plays an essential role in the growth and maturation of the mammalian oocyte, and recent studies suggest that it also influences follicle formation in the neonatal ovary. In the course of studies designed to assess the effect of the estrogenic chemical bisphenol A (BPA) on mammalian oogenesis, we uncovered an estrogenic effect at an even earlier(More)
The requirement for oxidative metabolism of pyruvate during oogenesis in vivo was evaluated by inactivating Pdha1, a gene encoding an enzymatic subunit of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, in murine oocytes at the beginning of the follicular growth phase. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that Pdha1(-) oocytes have dramatically reduced amounts of pyruvate(More)
BACKGROUND Osteoarthritis is the most common degenerative disease in humans. It usually begins in middle age and is progressive. Chronic pain in older people presents a significant obstacle in maintaining function and independence. Previous studies have shown that music can improve motivation, elevate mood, and increase feelings of control in older people.(More)
The patient who remains in prolonged coma or in the vegetative state presents major problems in medicine, ethics and resource economics. Diagnosis and decision making are often difficult. A Coma Exit Chart can be developed using the parameters of the Glasgow Coma Scale to measure the exiting of the patient from prolonged coma or the vegetative state.
Dynamic cellular rearrangements involving the actin cytoskeleton are required of both Sertoli and germ cells during spermatogenesis. Rho family small G proteins have been implicated in the control of the actin cytoskeleton in numerous cell types. Therefore, RhoA and Rac1 were investigated in Sertoli and germ cells. RhoA and Rac1 have been detected at both(More)
Community-based rehabilitation (CBR) recognizes that in the secure, loving environment of his/her own home, the person with a brain injury and the family, provided with support and guidance, can effectively augment or supersede hospital-based rehabilitation. This paper will explore the methods used to establish a rehabilitation programme in the home, the(More)
The records of 159 severely head-injured patients (all in coma for longer than 6 hours) from Sydney, Australia, were studied. The clinical course, charted over a 2-week period, indicated that 60% of deaths occur by Day 3 and that 12% of patients remain in coma (Glagow Coma Scale (GCS) score less than 7) for more than 2 weeks. Overall, at long-term follow-up(More)
A 15-year-old boy, severely brain injured as a result of a motor vehicle accident, was in coma for six weeks. Five months after the injury, while still severely disabled, he was taken home and treated by an intensive, organised domiciliary programme of community-based rehabilitation supplemented by additional help from the local hospital. The patient(More)