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These studies attempt to analyze the basis of the estrogenic and antiestrogenic action of three nonsteroidal clomophene-type compounds as monitored by their ability to bind to immature rat uterine cytoplasmic estrogen receptor, transfer receptor sites to the nucleus, and elicit estrogenic responses (increased uterine weight and induction of the synthesis of(More)
In order to understand differences in the mechanism of action of estrogens and antiestrogens, it is essential to make comparisons between compounds with similar duration of action. Hence, in these studies, we compare the action of a long-acting estrogen (17alpha-ethinyl estriol-3-cyclopentyl ether, EE3CPE) and a long-acting antiestrogen (U-11,100AUA) on the(More)
Escherichia coli uracil DNA glycosylase (UDG) catalyzes the hydrolysis of premutagenic uracil bases in DNA by flipping the deoxyuridine from the DNA helix [Stivers, J. T., et al. (1999) Biochemistry 38, 952]. A general acid-base mechanism has been proposed whereby His187 facilitates leaving group departure by protonating the O2 of uracil and Asp64 activates(More)
High-density microarrays are useful tools to study gene expression for the purpose of characterizing functional tissue changes in response to the action of drugs and chemicals. To test whether high-density expression data can identify mechanisms of toxicity and to identify an unknown sample through its RNA expression pattern, groups of male Wistar rats were(More)
Hamartoma of the spleen is a rare benign tumor. Only one spontaneously ruptured splenic hamartoma has been reported that presented with an acute surgical abdomen. A second case of a ruptured hamartoma of the spleen is illustrated; however, this case is unique in that it presented as a nonsurgical abdomen. This case stresses the importance of serial physical(More)
Muscle ion composition, Na-K-ATPase activity, tissue respiration, and transmembrane potential differences were measured after 28 and 56 days of ethanol consumption (6.2 g X kg-1 X day-1) or an isocaloric amount of glucose in 12 and 4 dogs, respectively. Ethanol and glucose were given as supplements to an otherwise nutritious diet. After 28 and 56 days of(More)
We have examined the effect of ethanol on muscle blood flow at rest and during electrically stimulated exercise in five normal dogs using the isolated gracilis muscle preparation. Under pentobarbital anesthesia and mechanical ventilation, ethanol (15% in 0.9% NaCl) infused at 4 mL/min for 2 hr produced an arterial blood concentration of 268 +/- 10 mg/dL (X(More)