Edward E. Soltis

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With a selective antagonist, the specific contribution of the alpha-1D adrenoceptor (AR) to vascular smooth muscle contraction has been assessed. BMY 7378 bound to membranes expressing the cloned rat alpha-1D AR with a > 100-fold higher affinity (K1 = 2 nM) than binding to either the cloned rat alpha-1A AR (Ki = 800 nM) or the hamster alpha-1B AR (Ki = 600(More)
Virtually every blood vessel in the body is surrounded to some degree by adipose tissue. A potential role for perivascular adipose tissue as a neurohumoral regulator of vascular responsiveness was studied. Thoracic aortae obtained from male Sprague-Dawley rats were cut into rings for use in a standard in vitro smooth muscle bath set-up. The vessels were(More)
This manuscript is intended to provide a comprehensive review of the alpha-adrenoceptors (ARs) and their role in vascular regulation. The historical development of the concept of receptors and the division of the alpha-ARs into alpha 1 and alpha 2 subtypes is traced. Emphasis will be placed on current understanding of the specific contribution of discrete(More)
Although calcitonin (CT) has been shown to be effective for the prevention of bone loss in early postmenopausal women, the skeletal effects of the hormone specifically during the early stages of estrogen deficiency have not been characterized histomorphometrically to date. The current study involves use of the ovariectomized (OVX) rat as an animal model for(More)
Type II diabetic patients and others with insulin resistance are at risk for development of hypertension characterized by elevated peripheral vascular resistance and loss of insulin's normal vasodilating activity. Oral antidiabetic drugs have recently been recognized to have disparate effects on arterial pressure in such patients and in related rodent(More)
Studies were undertaken to examine the effects on cardiovascular function in progeny of rats treated maternally with the tricyclic antidepressants, doxepin and imipramine. Doxepin was administered once daily during the first trimester (days 1-7), second trimester (days 8-14) or third trimester (days 15-21) of pregnancy, while imipramine was administered(More)
Ligand binding studies with WB 4101 revealed that the rat aorta contains both the alpha 1a- and alpha 1b-adrenoceptor subtypes. Results obtained following treatment with the irreversible antagonists phenoxybenzamine, chlorethylclonidine or SZL-49 (4-amino-6,7-dimethoxy-2-quinazolinyl-4-(2-bicyclo[2,2,2]octa-2,5- dienylcarbonyl-2-piperazine) suggest that(More)
Alterations in endothelium-dependent, sodium pump-mediated, and calcium-dependent responses of vascular smooth muscle were investigated in 5-7-, 24-26-, and 50-52-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats. Age-dependent changes in systolic blood pressure were also determined. Although systolic blood pressure increased significantly with age, rats in all 3 age(More)
In situ hybridization histochemistry, radioligand binding, and in vitro contractile studies were used to characterize the vascular distribution of the recently discovered alpha 1D-adrenoceptor. In situ hybridization with an antisense probe localized the mRNA for the alpha 1D-adrenoceptor to the medial layer of the rat aorta renal and mesenteric resistance(More)
Administration of the pyrrolizidine alkaloid monocrotaline (MCT) to rats results in hypertensive pulmonary vascular disease characterized by a structurally based increase in pulmonary vascular resistance and right ventricular hypertrophy. Alterations in lung angiotensin converting enzyme activity in MCT-treated rats have suggested a role for angiotensin II(More)