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The aim of this review is to provide basic information on the electrophysiological changes during acute ischemia and reperfusion from the level of ion channels up to the level of multicellular preparations. After an introduction, section II provides a general description of the ion channels and electrogenic transporters present in the heart, more(More)
Single-channel measurements and whole-cell experiments with the two suction electrode, voltage clamp technique were used to investigate the effects of external and internal proton concentrations on T-type Ca channels in heart muscle cells of the guinea pig. As in the L-type Ca channel, an increase in the external proton concentration decreases T-type(More)
1. We have investigated whether Ca2+ entry through T-type Ca2+ channels participates in triggering Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in single guinea-pig ventricular myocytes (whole-cell voltage clamp, K5fura-2 as [Ca2+]i indicator; all monovalent cations replaced by impermeant ions to record uncontaminated Ca2+ currents; T = 23 or 36(More)
Voltage clamp analysis of the transient outward (positive dynamic) current was performed in sheep Purkinje fibers at a pulse frequency of 1/min. 4-aminopyridine (4-AP, 1 mM) suppressed most of the transient outward current, thus revealing the slow inward current, isi, and an associated brief outward current ibo. The long lasting component of the current(More)
1. The effects of extracellular acidosis and Cd2+ on the transient outward current (Ito) have been investigated in rat and human ventricular myocytes, using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. 2. In rat myocytes, exposure to acidic extracellular solution (pH 6.0) shifted both steady-state activation and inactivation curves to more positive potentials, by(More)
1. Single Purkinje cells, enzymatically isolated from rabbit ventricle, were studied under whole-cell voltage clamp and internally perfused with the fluorescent Ca2+ indicator, indo-1 (100 microM). 2. Fast [Ca2+]i transients were elicited by brief depolarizations from a holding voltage of -45 mV and by repolarization from very positive potentials. The peak(More)
  • E Carmeliet
  • 1992
The delayed K+ current (ik) and its change by dofetilide was studied in single myocytes from the guinea pig and rabbit heart using the two-electrode voltage clamp technique. In rabbit myocytes, ik consisted of only one component (Kr), which developed for moderate depolarizations and with a fast time course. In guinea pig myocytes, activation consisted of a(More)
BACKGROUND The ventricular action potential exhibits regional heterogeneity in configuration and duration (APD). Across the left ventricular (LV) free wall, this is explained by differences in repolarizing K+ currents. However, the ionic basis of electrical nonuniformity in the right ventricle (RV) versus the LV is poorly investigated. We examined transient(More)
Deletion of amino-acid residues 1505-1507 (KPQ) in the cardiac SCN5A Na(+) channel causes autosomal dominant prolongation of the electrocardiographic QT interval (long-QT syndrome type 3 or LQT3). Excessive prolongation of the action potential at low heart rates predisposes individuals with LQT3 to fatal arrhythmias, typically at rest or during sleep. Here(More)
Single Purkinje cells from dog, sheep and cow hearts were isolated by injecting a Ca-free collagenase containing Tyrode solution in the space between the connective tissue sheath and the Purkinje cells. A small proportion of these cells survived the isolation procedure and these cells were used for further investigation. The cells showed(More)