Edward C. Rosfjord

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HER-2 belongs to the ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases, which has been implicated in a variety of cancers. Overexpression of HER-2 is seen in 25-30% of breast cancer patients and predicts a poor outcome in patients with primary disease. Trastuzumab (Herceptin), a monoclonal antibody to HER-2, is specifically approved for HER-2-positive breast cancer(More)
We have established an explant-cell culture system for mammary gland tumors from c-myc oncogene-expresing trangenic mice and potentially other transgenic strains. By coating culture dish surfaces with fetal bovine serum and using culture media supplemented with low serum and growth factors, the mammary tumor specimens could be maintained in culture for over(More)
Most oncology compounds entering clinical development have passed stringent preclinical pharmacology evaluation criteria. However, only a small fraction of experimental agents induce meaningful antitumor activities in the clinic. Low predictability of conventional preclinical pharmacology models is frequently cited as a main reason for the unusually high(More)
We have examined the role of cyclin D1 and cyclin-dependent kinase-4 (CDK4) in the cell cycle progression and proliferation of MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Forced expression of cyclin D1 using a tetracycline-regulated expression system, and suppression of endogenous cyclin D1 and CDK4 using small interfering RNA (siRNA) were used to validate this protein(More)
A series of of 6,7-disubstituted-4-anilinoquinoline-3-carbonitrile derivatives that function as irreversible inhibitors of EGFR and HER-2 kinases have been prepared. These inhibitors have, at the 6-position, butynamide, crotonamide, and methacrylamide Michael acceptors bearing water-solublilizing substituents. These compounds were prepared by acylation of(More)
C-Src is infrequently mutated in human cancers but it mediates oncogenic signals of many activated growth factor receptors and thus remains a key target for cancer therapy. However, the broad function of Src in many cell types and processes requires evaluation of Src-targeted therapeutics within a normal developmental and immune-competent environment. In an(More)
Programmed cell death (apoptosis) occursregularly during normal growth and development of themammary gland. One of the most dramatic examples ofapoptosis is evident during the remodeling of the breast that accompanies postlactational involution.Transgenic mouse models have demonstrated thatoverexpression of polypeptides such as transforminggrowth factor(More)
This report demonstrates that the plasmids, pBLCAT2 and pBLCAT3, which are used widely for the preparation of promoter reporter gene constructs, exhibit cryptic promoter activity when expressed in embryonal carcinoma (EC) cells and their differentiated cells. The promoterless plasmid pBLCAT3 is used widely because it has two multiple cloning sites. We(More)
Cellular adhesions to other cells and to the extracellular matrix play crucial roles in the malignant progression of cancer. In this study, we investigated the role of protein kinase C (PKC) in the regulation of cell-substratum adhesion by the breast adenocarcinoma cell line MCF-7. A PKC activator, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-l, 3-acetate (TPA), stimulated(More)
Within the family of protein kinase C (PKC) molecules, the novel isoform PRKCE (PKCɛ) acts as a bona fide oncogene in in vitro and in vivo models of tumorigenesis. Previous studies have reported expression of PKCɛ in breast, prostate and lung tumors above that of normal adjacent tissue. Data from the cancer genome atlas suggest increased copy number of(More)