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HER-2 belongs to the ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases, which has been implicated in a variety of cancers. Overexpression of HER-2 is seen in 25-30% of breast cancer patients and predicts a poor outcome in patients with primary disease. Trastuzumab (Herceptin), a monoclonal antibody to HER-2, is specifically approved for HER-2-positive breast cancer(More)
Programmed cell death (apoptosis) occurs regularly during normal growth and development of the mammary gland. One of the most dramatic examples of apoptosis is evident during the remodeling of the breast that accompanies postlactational involution. Transgenic mouse models have demonstrated that overexpression of polypeptides such as transforming growth(More)
A series of of 6,7-disubstituted-4-anilinoquinoline-3-carbonitrile derivatives that function as irreversible inhibitors of EGFR and HER-2 kinases have been prepared. These inhibitors have, at the 6-position, butynamide, crotonamide, and methacrylamide Michael acceptors bearing water-solublilizing substituents. These compounds were prepared by acylation of(More)
We have examined the role of cyclin D1 and cyclin-dependent kinase-4 (CDK4) in the cell cycle progression and proliferation of MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Forced expression of cyclin D1 using a tetracycline-regulated expression system, and suppression of endogenous cyclin D1 and CDK4 using small interfering RNA (siRNA) were used to validate this protein(More)
Cellular adhesions to other cells and to the extracellular matrix play crucial roles in the malignant progression of cancer. In this study, we investigated the role of protein kinase C (PKC) in the regulation of cell-substratum adhesion by the breast adenocarcinoma cell line MCF-7. A PKC activator, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-l, 3-acetate (TPA), stimulated(More)
PKN3 is an AGC-family protein kinase implicated in growth of metastatic prostate cancer cells with phosphoinositide 3-kinase pathway deregulation. The molecular mechanism, however, by which PKN3 contributes to malignant growth and tumorigenesis is not well understood. Using orthotopic mouse tumor models, we now show that inducible knockdown of PKN3 protein(More)
A series of 2-(4-aminophenyl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1,3-benzothiazol-7-ols have been developed as antitumor agents that showed high selectivity against aneuploid cell lines (vs diploid cell lines). Structure-activity relationship studies showed that a hydroxymethyl group at the 2-position of the phenyl ring increased potency and selectivity. A pyrrolidinyl(More)
Susceptible C3H/He mice were immunized with the avirulent Corpus Christi strain of Trypanosoma cruzi and subsequently infected with virulent Brazil stain organisms. Seventy days after infection sera were isolated and analyzed on western blots of electrophoretically separated T. cruzi antigens prepared from culture-form parasites (primarily epimastigotes).(More)
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