Edward C. Rhodes

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In general, elite climbers have been characterised as small in stature, with low percentage body fat and body mass. Currently, there are mixed conclusions surrounding body mass and composition, potentially because of variable subject ability, method of assessment and calculation. Muscular strength and endurance in rock climbers have been primarily measured(More)
Today's elite hockey players are physically bigger and have improved levels of physiological fitness when compared with their predecessors. Correspondingly, previous ice hockey studies that have become widely referenced may have little relevance to current players and the way the game is presently played. A great need exists to apply exercise science to the(More)
This paper reviews the literature concerning factors at the individual level associated with regular exercise among older adults. Twenty-seven cross-sectional and 14 prospective/longitudinal studies met the inclusion criteria of a mean participant age of 65 years or older. The findings are summarised by demographics, exercise experience, exercise knowledge,(More)
OBJECTIVES There is a paucity of long term studies on exercise training in elderly women. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of one year of progressive resistance exercise (PRE) on dynamic muscular strength and the relations to bone mineral density (BMD) in elderly women. METHODS Forty four healthy sedentary women (mean age 68.8(More)
The heart rate deflection point (HRDP) is a downward or upward change from the linear HR-work relationship evinced during progressive incremental exercise testing. The HRDP is reported to be coincident with the anaerobic threshold. In 1982, Conconi and colleagues suggested that this phenomenon could be used as a noninvasive method to assess the anaerobic(More)
Eight tetraplegic and 13 paraplegic subjects performed a continuous progressive loading exercise test to exhaustion on a wheelchair ergometer. Their cardiorespiratory responses at maximal O2 uptake were analyzed after initially grouping subjects according to the international system for classification of wheelchair athletes. Analysis of variance provided a(More)
As far back as the 1930s exercise physiologists recognised the existence of critical levels of work intensity above which lactate accumulation increased drastically and energy production was affected. Investigation of these transition points (thresholds) both invasively and non-invasively has led to much recent controversy. Respiratory exchange variables(More)
In the recent past, researchers have found many key physiological variables that correlate highly with endurance performance. These include maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), anaerobic threshold (AT), economy of motion and the fractional utilisation of oxygen uptake (VO2). However, beyond typical endurance events such as the marathon, termed 'ultraendurance'(More)
The characteristics of oxygen uptake (VO2) kinetics differ with exercise intensity. When exercise is performed at a given work rate which is below lactate threshold (LT), VO2 increases exponentially to a steady-state level. Neither the slope of the increase in VO2 with respect to work rate nor the time constant of VO2 responses has been found to be a(More)