Edward C. Dempsey

Learn More
Individual protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes have been implicated in many cellular responses important in lung health and disease, including permeability, contraction, migration, hypertrophy, proliferation, apoptosis, and secretion. New ideas on mechanisms that regulate PKC activity, including the identification of a novel PKC kinase,(More)
BACKGROUND There are no currently approved methods for the screening and early detection of lung cancer. We compared the ability of conventional white-light bronchoscopy (WLB) and laser-induced fluorescence endoscopy (LIFE) to detect preneoplastic lung lesions in a randomized trial in which both the order of the procedures and the bronchoscopists were(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet-mediated mechanisms have been implicated in intimal lesion formation following vascular injury. Although the participation of peptide growth factors has been suspected in this process, little has been known about the possible mitogenic role of other platelet factors that are released at sites of vascular injury. METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)
Lung carcinogenesis is assumed to be a multistep process, but detailed understanding of the sequential morphological and molecular changes preceding invasive lung cancer remains elusive. To better understand early lung carcinogenesis, we initiated a program of fluorescence bronchoscopy in smokers at high risk for lung cancer. In the bronchial biopsies from(More)
We hypothesized that cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) could function as a molecular determinant of smooth muscle cell fate. In arterial sections from the systemic and pulmonary circulation, CREB content was high in proliferation-resistant medial subpopulations of smooth muscle cells and low in proliferation-prone regions. In vessels from(More)
Enhanced proliferation of adventitial fibroblasts is a major contributor to the structural remodeling of the pulmonary artery (PA) that occurs during hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. The mechanisms responsible for the exuberant growth of fibroblasts are unknown; however, protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes have previously been shown to be important in(More)
Heterogeneity of smooth muscle cell (SMC) phenotype and function is rapidly emerging as an important concept. We have recently described that phenotypically distinct SMC subpopulations in bovine pulmonary arteries exhibit unique proliferative and matrix-producing responses to hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. To provide better understanding of the molecular(More)
The lung offers a rich opportunity for development of therapeutic strategies focused on isozymes of protein kinase C (PKCs). PKCs are important in many cellular responses in the lung, and existing therapies for pulmonary disorders are inadequate. The lung poses unique challenges as it interfaces with air and blood, contains a pulmonary and systemic(More)
Experimental evidence is rapidly accumulating which demonstrates that the arterial media in both pulmonary and systemic vessels is not composed of a phenotypically homogeneous population of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) but rather of heterogeneous subpopulations of cells with unique developmental lineages. In vivo and in vitro observations strongly suggest(More)
PURPOSE To compare the impact of a library of pulmonary rehabilitation videotapes versus an older videotape and usual care on quality of life and ability to perform activities of daily living in persons with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. METHODS Two hundred fourteen patients diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema, or(More)