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This prospective, consecutive series describes peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) for treatment of severe reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) or complex regional pain syndrome, in patients with symptoms entirely or mainly in the distribution of one major peripheral nerve. Plate-type electrodes were placed surgically on affected nerves and tested for 2 to 4(More)
In the past, pain control for chronic pain syndromes using narcotic infusion has been carried out primarily via the intrathecal (subarachnoid) route. This report presents one of the first large series of terminally ill cancer patients with intractable pain treated with continuous epidural morphine infusions by means of implanted pumps and epidural spinal(More)
The relative roles of spinal cord stimulation and the spinal infusion of opioids in the treatment of chronic, non-cancer lower body pain remains unclear. This report contains a retrospective analysis of patients with chronic lower body, neuropathic pain and treated over a 5 year period. Unilateral leg and/or buttock pain was treated initially with spinal(More)
It is now well demonstrated that several anticonvulsants have a role in the treatment of neuropathic pain and also in withdrawal from benzodiazepines, sedatives, and perhaps alcohol. Valproic acid, carbamazepine, gabapentin, clonazepam, and lamotrigine are appropriate treatments for neuropathic pain, effective to a degree dependent on the underlying(More)
Medical treatment of chronic cluster headaches (cluster headaches that occur frequently without remission) can be very difficult. In many patients, the pain remains severe despite all medication trials. For these patients, previous reports recommend radiofrequency trigeminal rhizotomy, which risks corneal anesthesia and subsequent corneal decompensation. As(More)
Chronic nonmalignant pain is less a symptom of a disease than a disease in itself. Accordingly, successful treatments rely less on identifying underlying pathology than on treating neural causes of pain amplification, psychologic causes of disability, and the sequelae of deconditioning and psychiatric illness. The outcome, when such treatment is provided,(More)
The concept of psychogenic pain has stimulated controversy in the field of pain medicine, not only regarding its prevalence, but indeed its very existence. Some would even hold that the term is fundamentally meaningless. Whether meaningless or not, it is often hated—by physicians in pain medicine whose patients have been harmed by not having been taken(More)
Intraspinal narcotic (usually intrathecal morphine) infusions with implanted pumps are increasingly used in patients with intractable chronic pain not caused by cancer. In some patients, pain control is difficult with infusions of morphine. Seven patients with diagnoses of arachnoiditis, epidural scarring, and/or vertebral body compression fracture were(More)
Increased prescribing of opioids for chronic non cancer pain is associated with significant social costs, including overdose and addiction. In this context, there is interest in interdisciplinary chronic pain rehabilitation programs (ICPRP) focusing on self-management and minimizing opioid use. This study examined outcomes of patients weaned from opioids in(More)