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We report the cases of 10 patients with seizures and autoscopic phenomena, which include seeing one's double and out-of-body experiences, and review 33 additional cases of autoscopic seizures from the literature. Autoscopic phenomena may be symptoms of simple partial, complex partial, or generalized tonoclonic seizures. Autoscopic seizures may be more(More)
Both amplitude and phase of rhythmic slow-wave electroencephalographic activity are physiological correlates of learning and memory in rodents. In humans, oscillatory amplitude has been shown to correlate with memory; however, the role of oscillatory phase in human memory is unknown. We recorded intracranial electroencephalogram from human cortical and(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of the human brain has shown that the hippocampus and the left temporal and frontal cortices play a key role in the formation of new verbal memories. We recorded electrical activity from 2349 surgically implanted intracranial electrodes in epilepsy patients while they studied and later recalled lists of common(More)
We analyzed intracranial brain activity recorded from human participants during the performance of a working-memory task. We show that 6-13 Hz activity exhibits consistent phase across trials following experimental stimuli, and that this phase significantly differs between study and test stimuli. These findings suggest that oscillatory phase reflects the(More)
Cortical theta appears important in sensory processing and memory. Intracanial electrode recordings provide a high spatial resolution method for studying such oscillations during cognitive tasks. Recent work revealed sites at which oscillations in the theta range (4-12 Hz) could be gated by a working-memory task: theta power was increased at task onset and(More)
To test whether distinct patterns of electrophysiological activity prior to a response can distinguish true from false memories, we analyzed intracranial electroencephalographic recordings while 52 patients undergoing treatment for epilepsy performed a verbal free-recall task. These analyses revealed that the same pattern of gamma-band (28-100 Hz)(More)
BACKGROUND MRI changes due to status epilepticus (SE) often suggest a combination of cytotoxic and vasogenic edema, but it is unclear why only certain patients have MRI changes. OBJECTIVES To determine the frequency of MRI changes due to SE and the associated patient characteristics. METHODS We reviewed records for demographics, medical history, and MRI(More)
BACKGROUND Acute limbic encephalitis has been reported in the setting of treatment-related immunosuppression and attributed to human herpesvirus-6 (HHV6) infection. Clinical and laboratory features of the syndrome, however, have not been well characterized. METHODS We describe the clinical, EEG, MRI, and laboratory features of nine patients with acute(More)
BACKGROUND Administration of antiepileptic drugs for coma induction in refractory status epilepticus (RSE) has not been widely studied. Moreover, the effect on outcome of electroencephalographic (EEG) burst suppression remains unclear. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether various coma-inducing options are associated with different prognoses after RSE. (More)
OBJECTIVE To compare sexual function and reproductive hormone levels among men with epilepsy who took various antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), untreated men with epilepsy, and normal controls. METHODS Subjects were 85 men with localization-related epilepsy (25 on carbamazepine [CBZ], 25 on phenytoin [PHT], 25 on lamotrigine [LTG], and 10 untreated for at least(More)