Edward Berger

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lin-4 and let-7 are founding members of an extensive family of genes that produce small transcripts, termed microRNAs (miRNAs). In Caenorhabditis elegans, lin-4 and let-7 control the timing of postembryonic events by translational repression of target genes, permitting progression from early to late developmental programs. To identify Drosophila(More)
In Caenorhabditis elegans, the heterochronic pathway controls the timing of developmental events during the larval stages. A component of this pathway, the let-7 small regulatory RNA, is expressed at the late stages of development and promotes the transition from larval to adult (L/A) stages. The stage-specificity of let-7 expression, which is crucial for(More)
Structural modifications of the retinoid X receptor (RXR) selective compound 4-[1-(3,5,5,8,8-pentamethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-2- naphthyl)ethenyl]benzoic acid (LGD1069), which is currently in phase I/IIA clinical trials for cancer and dermatological indications, have resulted in the identification of increasingly potent retinoids with > 1000-fold selectivity(More)
A synthetic, 23-bp ecdysterone regulatory element (EcRE), derived from the upstream region of the Drosophila melanogaster hsp27 gene, was inserted adjacent to the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase promoter fused to a bacterial gene for chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT). Hybrid constructs were transfected into Drosophila S3 cells and assayed for(More)
Juvenile hormone (JH) is an important regulator of both insect development and reproductive maturation. Although the molecular mechanism of JH action is not yet known, there is growing circumstantial evidence that JH directly regulates gene expression. In the absence of a JH target gene, however, this suggestion has remained speculative. Cultured Drosophila(More)
The four small heat shock proteins in Drosophila melanogaster are genetically linked and simultaneously synthesized, both in response to high temperature and, developmentally, during puparium formation. In tissue culture cells their synthesis is inducible by the molting hormone, ecdysterone. We show here that accompanying their induction and accumulation,(More)
Two series of potent retinoid X receptor (RXR)-selective compounds were designed and synthesized based upon recent observation that (E)-4-[2-(5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-2-naphthalenyl)-1- propenyl]benzoic acid (TTNBP) binds and transactivates only the retinoic acid receptor (RAR) subtypes whereas (E)-4-[2-(3,5,5,8,8-pentamethyl-5,6,7,8-(More)
Treatment of Schneider's line 3 Drosophila cells with the steroid hormone ecdysterone rapidly stimulated the synthesis and accumulation of the polypeptide previously designated p7 [Berger, E. M., Ireland, R. C. & Wyss, C. (1980) Somatic Cell Genet. 6, 119-129]. In this report, p7 is identified as the 23,000-dalton heat shock polypeptide (hsp23). In addition(More)
The small heat shock protein (hsp) genes of Drosophila are expressed in cultured cells in response to the moulting hormone, ecdysterone. We show here that juvenile hormone (JHIII) and the juvenile hormone analogue, methoprene, inhibit that induction in a dose-dependent manner. Heat shock induction is not inhibited. In transient expression studies using S3(More)