Edward B. Leof

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Proteins in the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) family recognize transmembrane serine/threonine kinases known as type I and type II receptors. Binding of TGF-beta to receptors results in receptor down-regulation and signaling. Whereas previous work has focused on activities controlling TGF-beta signaling, more recent studies have begun to address(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) regulates a wide variety of cellular processes including cell growth, apoptosis, differentiation, migration, and extracellular matrix production among others. The canonical signaling pathway induced by the TGF-beta receptor complex involves the phosphorylation of Smad proteins which upon activation accumulate in(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a progressive and fatal fibrotic disease of the lungs with unclear etiology. Prior efforts to treat idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis that focused on anti-inflammatory therapy have not proven to be effective. Recent insight suggests that the pathogenesis is mediated through foci of dysregulated fibroblasts driven by profibrotic(More)
Members of the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) family of proteins signal through cell surface transmembrane serine/threonine protein kinases known as type I and type II receptors. The TGF-beta signal is extended through phosphorylation of receptor-associated Smad proteins by the type I receptor. Although numerous investigations have established(More)
PDGF-dependent hepatic stellate cell (HSC) recruitment is an essential step in liver fibrosis and the sinusoidal vascular changes that accompany this process. However, the mechanisms that regulate PDGF signaling remain incompletely defined. Here, we found that in two rat models of liver fibrosis, the axonal guidance molecule neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) was(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) signaling via Smad proteins occurs in various cell types. However, whereas the biological response to TGF-beta can be as distinct as growth promoting (i.e., mesenchymal cells) versus growth inhibiting (i.e., epithelial cells), few discernible differences in TGF-beta signaling have been reported. In the current(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) stimulates cellular proliferation and transformation to a myofibroblast phenotype in vivo and in a subset of fibroblast cell lines. As the Smad pathway is activated by TGF-beta in essentially all cell types, it is unlikely to be the sole mediator of cell type-specific outcomes to TGF-beta stimulation. In the(More)
Ligand binding to plasma membrane receptors initiates a series of events culminating in a variety of changes in cellular phenotypes. Although numerous publications have documented the activation/inactivation of signalling molecules following receptor binding, relatively few investigations have focused on the cellular compartment responsible for either(More)
Supplemental Figure 1. TGF-β receptor expression is similar in wild type and Dab2 knockdown clones. A. Membrane expression of chimeric receptors. FACS analysis was performed on Dab2 WT, Dab2 KD16 and Dab2 KD18 clones as described (J. The shift in fluorescent intensity (colored histograms) relative to the control histogram (gray) represents specific membrane(More)
Growth factors, defined as polypeptides that stimulate cell proliferation, are major growth-regulatory molecules for cells in culture and probably also for cells in vivo. Nontransformed cells show an absolute requirement for growth factors for proliferation in culture and generally more than one growth factor is required. Under usual culture conditions,(More)