Edward A Sugden

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The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of the lipoarabinomannan antigen enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (LAM-ELISA), carbohydrate antigen complement fixation (CH-CFT), and protein D antigen agar gel immunodiffusion (D-AGID) tests for bovine paratuberculosis, relative to histopathology, and to culture and isolation of Mycobacterium(More)
Lipoarabinomannan (LAM) and lipid-free arabinomannan (AM) were prepared from Mycobacterium paratuberculosis. Purification of LAM was done by ultracentrifugation of the phenol-water-extracted crude polysaccharide, followed by affinity and anion exchange chromatography. AM was purified from the supernatant of the ultracentrifuged polysaccharide or from(More)
The use of lipoarabinomannan (LAM; obtained from Mycobacterium paratuberculosis) in and ELISA (LAM-ELISA) to test 75 sheep sera from a paratuberculosis-infected flock resulted in an approximate threefold increase in sensitivity (from 23.5% to 70.6%), compared with the use of Annau's polysaccharide in a complement fixation test (P-CFT). Even after(More)
A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (C-ELISA) using M. bovis BCG Tokyo culture filtrate as antigen and anti-MPB70 4C3/17 monoclonal antibody was developed for use in multiple animal species. An analysis of the C-ELISA data for cattle and bison serum panels revealed specificities of 68% to 85% and sensitivities of 85% to 89%. Receiver operator(More)
Outer sheath antigen from Leptospira interrogans serovar hardjo type hardjoprajitno and acetic acid extracted antigens from serovar hardjo types hardjoprajitno and hardjobovis were evaluated in an immunoassay for ability to detect hyperimmune rabbit serum to serovar hardjo. The degree of cross-reactivity with hyperimmune rabbit sera to L. interrogans(More)
The principle of fluorescence polarization described by Perrin (F. Perrin, J. Phys. Radium 7:390-401, 1926) was applied to the development of a novel assay that used fluorescein-labeled Mycobacterium bovis secretory protein MPB70 for rapid detection of anti-MPB70 antibodies in selected sera from three M. bovis-infected species (elk, Ilama, and bison).(More)
Three hundred and forty-one sera from cattle in Western Australia and 106 sera from Mycobacterium paratuberculosis faecal culture positive cattle were used to evaluate the performance of two absorbed enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) (one locally produced, the other a commercial test) and a complement fixation test (CFT) for the detection of(More)
By using a combination of agarose and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, Mycobacterium paratuberculosis antigen D was resolved from a crude sonicated preparation of the organism and characterized as a component with a molecular mass of approximately 400,000 Da. While this component was composed mainly of protein, with unusually high proportions of glutamic(More)
A fluorescence polarization assay (FPA) utilizing fluorescein-labelled MPB70 protein as the antigen was developed and evaluated for its ability to detect antibodies to Mycobacterium bovis in cattle sera. Three panels of sera were examined in this study. These included: (A) sera (n=28) obtained from cattle from which M. bovis was cultured; (B) sera (n=5666)(More)