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Adjustments of everyday life in order to prevent disease or treat illness afflict partly unconscious preferences and cultural expectations that are often difficult to change. How should one, in medical contexts, talk with patients about everyday life in ways that might penetrate this blurred complexity, and help people find goals and make decisions that are(More)
OBJECTIVE. (1) To elucidate the relevance of Habermas's theory as a practical deliberation procedure in lifestyle counselling in general practice, using a patient perspective. (2) To search for topics which patients consider of significance in such consultations. DESIGN. Qualitative observation and interview study. SETTING. General practice. Subjects. A(More)
A 1989 cross-sectional study revealed that Norwegian army and air force officers smoked considerably less than civilian men. The prevalence of smokeless tobacco use, on the other hand, was higher than among civilians and similar to that of conscripted soldiers. Reactions to new smoking restrictions were largely neutral, but smokers were more negative than(More)
Physician power has been attacked, and tabooed, in legitimate efforts to strengthen patients' rights. Yet the structural and symbolic power wielded by doctors is what makes good and right healing actions possible. Avoiding the power issue contributes to a confusing state, where patient trust is faltering and physicians are uncertain about how to fulfill the(More)
BACKGROUND Communication training is a central part of medical education. The aim of this article is to explore the positions and didactic functions of the fourth wall in medical communication training, using a role-play model basically similar to a theatrical performance. METHOD The empirical data stem from a communication training model demonstrated at(More)
  • Edvin Schei
  • Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
  • 1994
Conscription comples 70% of male Norwegians to invest 1 year of their lives in military training. For 19-to 20-year-old men, the military service is an important arena of secondary socialization. In a cross-sectional study of mental health in army conscripts using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), the case prevalence was 48% (cut-off 2/3).(More)
OBJECTIVE The medical literature lacks a comprehensive taxonomy of decisions made by physicians in medical encounters. Such a taxonomy might be useful in understanding the physician-centred, patient-centred and shared decision-making in clinical settings. We aimed to identify and classify all decisions emerging in conversations between patients and(More)
In a cross-sectional study of 2,112 Norwegian army conscripts ages 18 to 25 years, 10% reported daily use of wet snuff, while 23% were occasional users. Nearly half of the snuff users had started or increased their consumption during the military service. Cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and having a best friend using snuff were positively correlated(More)