Edvard C. Smith

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DL-2-Amino-3-phosphonopropionic acid, a phosphonate-substituted derivative of aspartic acid, has been shown to be an inhibitor of excitatory amino acid-stimulated phosphoinositide hydrolysis in rat brain slices. In this study, the enantiomers of 2-amino-3-phosphonopropionic acid were synthesized and used to further characterize the stereoselectivity and(More)
Fourteen substituted derivatives of kynurenic acid were compared for their ability to block ionic currents evoked by N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) plus glycine, or kainate, in voltage-clamped Xenopus oocytes injected with rat brain messenger RNA. Among these analogues there was an excellent correlation between the Ki for displacing [3H]glycine binding to rat(More)
A series of 1,3-dihydro-2H-imidazo[4,5-b]quinolin-2-one derivatives was synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of cAMP hydrolysis by a crude human platelet phosphodiesterase preparation and as inhibitors of ADP- and collagen-induced aggregation of rabbit blood platelets. The parent structure 7a, demonstrated potent inhibitory activity that was enhanced by(More)
Our recent studies using targeted gene disruption have shown that defects in phospholipase Cγ2 (PLCγ2) result in a B-cell abnormality that is very similar to that seen in Btk-deficient mice. Null mutations in either PLCG2 or BTK are associated with decreased numbers of mature B cells, failure to make antibodies to some T cell-independent antigens and the(More)
UNLABELLED Do children's schemata for occupations they observe in real life differ from those they see on TV? 177 second- and fifth-graders were assigned to conditions in a 2 (real-life or on TV) x 2 (police officer or nurse) design. They answered open-ended questions about what police officers or nurses do (in real life or on TV) and rated the typicality(More)
The indenoisoquinoline analogue 9 of nitidine (1) has been prepared and found to possess significant anticancer activity against L1210 lymphoid leukemia, P388 lymphocytic leukemia, and B16 melanocarcinoma. Analogue 14, which lacks the B ring of nitidine (1), has also been synthesized. Compound 14 retains the in vitro toxicity associated with nitidine (1)(More)
As part of our program aimed at the development of potent excitatory amino acid antagonists, we synthesized and evaluated a series of substituted 1,2,4-triazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-4(5H)-ones, 4, tetrazolo[1,5-a]quinoxalin-4(5H)-ones, 5, and pyrazolo[1,5-c]quinazolin-5(6H)-ones, 6, and an imidazo[1,2-a]quinoxalin-4(5H)-one, 7. In general, the same heterocycles(More)
A series of 1,3-dihydro-2H-imidazo[4,5-b]quinolin-2-one derivatives, substituted at the 7-position with functionalized side chains, was synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of human blood platelet cAMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) as well as ADP- and collagen-induced platelet aggregation, in vitro. Structural modifications focused on variation of the(More)
All of the glycolytic enzymes with the exception of enolase and phosphoglyceromutase were measured for WI-38, human embryonic lung tissue, and its SV40-transformed counterpart, WI-38VA13A. Also measured were glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase, 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, phosphoglucomutase, and fructose 1,6-diphosphatase. Enzyme activity per IO6 cells(More)