Edvani C Muniz

Learn More
Cellulose nanowhiskers (CNWs) with different surface composition were used to generate the biomimetic growth hydroxyapatite (HAp). Hybrids materials primarily consist of CNWs with HAp content below 24%. CNWs were produced by different inorganic acid hydrolyses to generate cellulose particles with surface groups to induce HAp mineralization. In the present(More)
Surface deacetylation of chitin nanowhiskers (CtNWs) to chitosan-sheath/chitin-core nanowhiskers (CsNWs) was successfully monitored by liquid-state high-resolution NMR of colloidal suspensions of these never-dried nanowhiskers. CtNWs were derived from acid hydrolysis (3N HCl, 30mL/g, 90min, 104°C) of chitin at 65% yield and 86% CrI. Deacetylation (50% NaOH,(More)
The binding capacities of chitin (CT) and chitosan (CS) produced from silkworm chrysalides were investigated aiming at their future application in the removal of Pb2+ and Ni2+ from wastewaters. CS with 75% deacetylation degree (DD) exhibited good binding performance for Pb(2+), but bad efficiency for Ni2+. The maximum binding capacity obtained from(More)
Polysaccharide-based device for oral delivery of heparin (HP) was successfully prepared. Previously synthesized N,N-dimethyl chitosan (DMC) (86% dimethylated by (1)H NMR spectroscopy) was complexed with HP by mixing HP and DMC aqueous solutions (both at pH 3.0). The polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) obtention was confirmed by infrared spectroscopy (FTIR),(More)
Transesterification and epoxide ring-opening reactions are two mechanism routes that explain chemical modifications of macromolecules by glycidyl methacrylate (GMA). Although the coupling reaction of the GMA with macromolecules has widely been investigated, there are still mechanisms that remain to be explained when GMA is processed in an aqueous solution(More)
N-Trimethyl chitosan (TMC), an antibacterial agent, and heparin (HP), an antiadhesive biopolymer, were alternately deposited on modified polystyrene films, as substrates, to built antiadhesive and antibacterial multilayer films. The properties of the multilayer films were investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy,(More)
N-trimethyl chitosan of two quaternization degrees, DQ=20 and 80mol% and labeled as TMC20 and TMC80, were synthesized and characterized by (1)H NMR. Polyelectrolyte complexes (PECs) of TMC/alginate (TMC/ALG) were prepared at pHs 2, 7 and 10 by mixing the aqueous solutions of unlike polymers. The PECs were characterized through infrared spectroscopy (FTIR),(More)
In this contribution, maximum capacity for adsorption of Pb(2+), Ni(2+), and Cu(2+) by silkworm chrysalides (SC) was determined. The raw silkworm chrysalides (SC(r)) and chrysalides after acidic washing (SC(w)) were used. Chitin (CT), extracted from SC, and chitosan (CS), with 85% deacetylation, were employed as reference samples. Adsorption tests showed(More)
Chitosan, which is derived from a deacetylation reaction of chitin, has attractive antimicrobial activity. However, chitosan applications as a biocide are only effective in acidic medium due to its low solubility in neutral and basic conditions. Also, the positive charges carried by the protonated amine groups of chitosan (in acidic conditions) that are the(More)
In this work, low-methoxyl pectin was chemically modified by reaction with glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) to give a material with low hydrosolubility. After physio-chemical characterization by FT-IR, DSC, and TGA analyses, the methacrylated/modified pectin (Pect-GMA) was crosslinked after the addition of sodium persulfate (SP), that actuates as initiator, at(More)