Edurne San José-Enériz

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Whereas transcriptional silencing of genes due to epigenetic mechanisms is one of the most important alterations in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), some recent studies indicate that DNA methylation contributes to down-regulation of miRNAs during tumorigenesis. To explore the epigenetic alterations of miRNAs in ALL, we analyzed the methylation and(More)
The development of Imatinib Mesylate (IM), the first specific inhibitor of BCR-ABL1, has had a major impact in patients with Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML), establishing IM as the standard therapy for CML. Despite the clinical success obtained with the use of IM, primary resistance to IM and molecular evidence of persistent disease has been observed in(More)
PURPOSE To identify microRNAs (miRNAs) epigenetically regulated in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). METHODS We first examined ALL-derived cell lines for the presence of abnormal levels of two different histone modifications (trimethylation of H3 lysine 4 [K4H3me3] and dimethylation of H3 lysine 9 [K9H3me2]) in the 5'UTR regions around CpG islands of 78(More)
Aberrant DNA methylation is one of the most frequent alterations in patients with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL). Using methylation bead arrays we analyzed the methylation status of 807 genes implicated in cancer in a group of ALL samples at diagnosis (n = 48). We found that 154 genes were methylated in more than 10% of ALL samples. Interestingly, the(More)
Activation of the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway is a hallmark of a number of solid tumors. We analyzed the regulation of the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and its role in the pathogenesis of the disease. We found that expression of the Wnt inhibitors sFRP1, sFRP2, sFRP4, sFRP5, WIF1, Dkk3, and Hdpr1 was down-regulated(More)
Wnt5a is a member of the Wnt family of proteins that signals through the non-canonical Wnt/Ca(2+) pathway to suppress cyclin D1 expression and negatively regulate B cell proliferation suggesting that it acts as an tumour suppressor for lymphoid leukemogenesis. Although canonical Wnt pathway is a 'hot spot' for methylation in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia(More)
BACKGROUND Expression of the pro-apoptotic BCL-2-interacting mediator (BIM) has recently been implicated in imatinib-induced apoptosis of BCR-ABL1(+) cells. However, the mechanisms involved in the regulation of BIM in CML and its role in the clinical setting have not been established. DESIGN AND METHODS We analysed the mRNA expression of BIM in 100 newly(More)
BACKGROUND The discrepancy between the functional improvements yielded experimentally by skeletal myoblasts (SM) transplanted in infarcted myocardium and the paucity of their long-term engraftment has raised the hypothesis of cell-mediated paracrine mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS We analyzed gene expression and growth factors released by undifferentiated(More)
PURPOSE To examine cancer genes undergoing epigenetic inactivation in a set of ETV6/RUNX1-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemias in order to define the CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) in the disease and evaluate its relationship with clinical features and outcome. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Methylation-specific PCR was used to analyze the methylation(More)
Repetitive elements are heavily methylated in normal tissues, but hypomethylated in malignant tissues, driving the global genomic hypomethylation found in cancer. This hypomethylation results in chromosomal instability, a well-characterized feature of the advanced phases of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). We investigated methylation changes of DNA(More)