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Motivated by old experiments on colloidal suspensions, we report molecular dynamics simulations of assemblies of hard spheres, addressing crystallization and glass formation. The simulations cover wide ranges of polydispersity s (standard deviation of the particle size distribution divided by its mean) and particle concentration. No crystallization is(More)
The melting temperature of ice I(h) for several commonly used models of water (SPC, SPC/E,TIP3P,TIP4P, TIP4P/Ew, and TIP5P) is obtained from computer simulations at p = 1 bar. Since the melting temperature of ice I(h) for the TIP4P model is now known [E. Sanz, C. Vega, J. L. F. Abascal, and L. G. MacDowell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 255701 (2004)], it is(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial reperfusion is associated with calcium overload and cell contracture, mechanisms that may precipitate cell death. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that in vivo inhibition of this contracture could lead to cell preservation in an open-chest large animal model. METHODS AND RESULTS Regional myocardium function was measured during(More)
The ability of several water models to predict the properties of ices is discussed. The emphasis is put on the results for the densities and the coexistence curves between the different ice forms. It is concluded that none of the most commonly used rigid models is satisfactory. A new model specifically designed to cope with solid-phase properties is(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim was to analyse the relationship between magnetic resonance (MR) imaging parameters and myocardial water content early after coronary occlusion with or without reperfusion. METHODS 21 pigs were used. After 78 min of coronary occlusion (n = 7) or 48 min of coronary occlusion and 30 min of reperfusion (n = 14) the heart was excised. In(More)
OBJECTIVE To propose the sperm recovering efficiency (SRE) model, an equation that can be used to objectively quantify the technical skill of individual operators processing semen specimens in an andrology laboratory. Additionally, this equation can be used to compare different semen processing methods and protocols. This model integrates the semen(More)
Among all of the freezing transitions, that of water into ice is probably the most relevant to biology, physics, geology, or atmospheric science. In this work, we investigate homogeneous ice nucleation by means of computer simulations. We evaluate the size of the critical cluster and the nucleation rate for temperatures ranging between 15 and 35 K below(More)
We present here the phase diagram for one of the most popular water models, the four-point transferable intermolecular potential (TIP4P) model. We show that TIP4P model, does indeed provide a qualitatively correct description of the phase diagram of water. The melting line of the five-point transferable intermolecular potential (TIP5P) at low pressures is(More)
We evaluate the phase diagram of the four-site Kern-Frenkel patchy particle model [Kern, N.; Frenkel, D. J. Chem. Phys. 2003, 118, 9882.], a model representative of particles interacting via short-range orientational interactions, for several values of the interaction range. Similar to what has been found for isotropic potentials, the liquid phase(More)
OBJECTIVE The availability of lungs for transplantation could be ameliorated with the use of organs retrieved from ventilated non-heart-beating donors (VNHBD). The aim of this work is to determine the limit to tolerable in situ warm ischemia time (WIT) for lung grafts after circulation is stopped. METHODS Twenty piglets underwent left lung(More)