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We address the problem of answering Web ontology queries efficiently. An ontology is formalized as a Deductive Ontology Base (DOB), a deductive database that comprises the ontology's inference axioms and facts. A cost-based query optimization technique for DOB is presented. A hybrid cost model is proposed to estimate the cost and cardinality of basic and… (More)
Phylogeny reconstruction is challenging when branch lengths vary and when different genetic loci show conflicting signals. The number of DNA sequence characters required to obtain robust support for all the nodes in a phylogeny becomes greater with denser taxon sampling. We test the usefulness of an approach mixing densely sampled, variable non-coding… (More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The endemic tree Nothofagus alessandrii (Fagaceae) has been historically restricted to the coastal range of Region VII of central Chile, and its forests have been increasingly destroyed and fragmented since the end of the 19th century. In this study, the patterns of within- and among-population genetic diversity in seven fragments of… (More)
In this paper we describe the OnEQL system, a query engine that implements optimization techniques and evaluation strategies to speed up the evaluation time of querying and reasoning services in the Semantic Web. To identify execution plans that reduce the cost of evaluating a query, we developed a twofold optimization strategy that combines cost-based… (More)
To establish relationships among the genera Blepharocalyx, Luma, and Myrceugenia, the phylogeny of tribe Myrteae was reconstructed based on secondary structures of the sequences of ITS (ITS1-5.8S-ITS2) and ETS regions from 93 taxa belonging to 29 genera. The DNA sequences were aligned according to their secondary structure and analysed with Bayesian… (More)
Adaptive radiation is a common mode of speciation among plants endemic to oceanic islands. This pattern is one of cladogenesis, or splitting of the founder population, into diverse lineages in divergent habitats. In contrast, endemic species have also evolved primarily by simple transformations from progenitors in source regions. This is anagenesis, whereby… (More)
Alstroemeria L. (Alstroemeriaceae) is an American genus of monocots with two principal distribution centers in Chile and Brazil. In Chile, it is represented by about 32 species, most of them in central Chile, an area known for its high level of endemism. The "complex" Alstroemeriahookeri is endemic to Chile, where it is distributed from the Coquimbo to the… (More)
Two theorems are proved concerning how stationary axisymmetric electrovac spacetimes that are equatorially symmetric or equatorially antisymmetric can be characterized correctly in terms of the Ernst potentials E and Φ or in terms of axis-data.
Recent results in educational research suggest the benefits of creating learning atmospheres in which students actively engage with the material as well as other classmates . The idea of creating such an environment using a multiplayer mobile game represents a natural extension of the ubiquitous audio guides offered by most museums today.
Early flowering and flower abundance have long been considered desirable traits in eucalypt breeding programs. In particular, flowers of Eucalyptus cladocalyx provide a nectar source for the production of honey in arid ecosystems. To identify inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers that are associated with early flowering and flower abundance in the… (More)