Eduardo Ríos

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Puzzled by recent reports of differences in specific ligand binding to muscle Ca2+ channels, we quantitatively compared the flux of Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in skeletal muscle fibers of an amphibian (frog) and a mammal (rat), voltage clamped in a double Vaseline gap chamber. The determinations of release flux were carried out by the(More)
Determination of the calcium spark amplitude distribution is of critical importance for understanding the nature of elementary calcium release events in striated muscle. In the present study we show, on general theoretical grounds, that calcium sparks, as observed in confocal line scan images, should have a nonmodal, monotonic decreasing amplitude(More)
The transduction of action potential to muscle contraction (E-C coupling) is an example of fast communication between plasma membrane events and the release of calcium from an internal store, which in muscle is the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). One theory is that the release channels of the SR are controlled by voltage-sensing molecules or complexes, located(More)
The effects of the anion perchlorate (present extracellularly at 8 mM) were studied on functional skeletal muscle fibers from Rana pipiens, voltage-clamped in a Vaseline gap chamber. Established methods were used to monitor intramembranous charge movement and flux of Ca release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) during pulse depolarization. Saponin(More)
1. Membrane currents were measured in cut skeletal muscle fibres voltage-clamped in a double Vaseline gap in solutions that had impermeant ions substituted for Na+, K+ and Cl-. The fibres were maintained at a holding potential of 0 mV. Pulses to positive voltages elicited outward currents that were proportional to voltage at all times; these were used to(More)
We report several unexpected findings that provide novel insights into the properties and interactions of the alpha 1 and beta subunits of dihydropyridine-sensitive L-type channels. First, the beta 2a subunit was expressed as multiple species of 68-72 kDa; the 70-72-kDa species arose from post-translational modification. Second, cell fractionation and(More)
It is widely believed that Ba2+ currents carried through L-type Ca2+ channels inactivate by a voltage-dependent mechanism similar to that described for other voltage-dependent channels. Studying ionic and gating currents of rabbit cardiac Ca2+ channels expressed in different subunit combinations in tsA201 cells, we found a phase of Ba2+ current decay with(More)
Store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) is activated following the depletion of internal Ca2+ stores in virtually all eukaryotic cells. Shifted excitation and emission ratioing of fluorescence (SEER) was used to image mag-indo-1 trapped in the tubular (t) system of mechanically skinned rat skeletal muscle fibres to measure SOCE during intracellular Ca2+ release.(More)
Single canine cardiac ryanodine receptor channels were incorporated into planar lipid bilayers. Single-channel currents were sampled at 1–5 kHz and filtered at 0.2–1.0 kHz. Channel incorporations were obtained in symmetrical solutions (20 mM HEPES-Tris, pH 7.4, and pCa 5). Unitary Ca 2 1 currents were monitored when 2–30 mM Ca 2 1 was added to the lumenal(More)