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BACKGROUND The arterial switch operation (ASO) has become a safe, reproducible surgical procedure with low mortality in experienced centers. We examined morbidity, which remains significant, particularly for complex ASO. METHODS From 2003 to 2011, 101 consecutive patients underwent ASO, arbitrarily classified as "simple" (n=52) or "complex" (n=49).(More)
BACKGROUND The utility of procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) as infectious biomarkers following infant cardiothoracic surgery is not well defined. METHODS We designed a prospective cohort study to evaluate PCT and CRP after infant cardiothoracic surgery. PCT and CRP were drawn preoperatively and 24/72 h postoperation or daily in delayed(More)
Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HFH), resulting from mutation of the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor gene with subsequent defective catabolism of the LDL cholesterol, leads to premature atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease. We report a successful urgent stent implantation in a 7-year-old patient with HFH and a severe left main(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the efficacy and safety of octreotide treatment of persistent chylothorax in pediatric patients following cardiothoracic surgery. DESIGN Retrospective chart review of patients admitted to the cardiac intensive care unit of a tertiary care center over a 10-year period (1998-2008). Nineteen patients were identified who underwent(More)
BACKGROUND Achievement of adequate oral nutrition is a challenging task after early neonatal cardiac surgery. This study aims to describe predictors of oral feeding outcomes for neonates after early surgical interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective review of neonates admitted with congenital cardiac disease over a period of 1 year. We analysed(More)
We present an extremely rare combination of isolated valvar pulmonary and aortic stenosis in a newborn patient. Most publications describe this feature in patients beyond the neonatal period and in association with other structural, myocardial or endocardial diseases. Our patient required an urgent and successful percutaneous pulmonary valvuloplasty due to(More)
We present the case of a patient with a congenital complete heart block (CHB) who developed a severe dilated hypokinetic cardiomyopathy whilst paced with a right-sided epicardial wire inserted by an anterior approach. She dramatically and rapidly improved both clinically and echocardiographically, once a single pacing wire was inserted on the left(More)
BACKGROUND Following the Norwood palliation, neonates may require an escalation of inotropic and vasoactive support. Arginine Vasopressin may be uniquely useful in supporting this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective evaluation of neonates at this institution between November, 2007 and October, 2010 who received Arginine Vasopressin following(More)
OBJECTIVES To use intravenous adenosine as a rescue therapy for neonatal refractory pulmonary hypertension in a low-weight premature infant. STUDY LINE: We report the successful use of a continuous intravenous adenosine infusion in a 1150-g premature baby with severe persistent pulmonary hypertension, refractory to classic management with high-frequency(More)