Eduardo López-Larraz

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Brain-machine interfaces (BMI) have recently been integrated within motor rehabilitation therapies by actively involving the central nervous system (CNS) within the exercises. For instance, the online decoding of intention of motion of a limb from pre-movement EEG correlates is being used to convert passive rehabilitation strategies into active ones(More)
Feedback error-related potentials are a promising brain process in the field of rehabilitation since they are related to human learning. Due to the fact that many therapeutic strategies rely on the presentation of feedback stimuli, potentials generated by these stimuli could be used to ameliorate the patient's progress. In this paper we propose a method(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) associates brain reorganization with a loss of cortical representation of paralyzed limbs. This effect is more pronounced in the chronic state, which can be reached approximately 6 months after the lesion. As many of the brain-computer interfaces (BCI) developed to date rely on the user motor activity, loss of this activity hinders(More)
Feedback stimuli are fundamental components in Brain-Computer Interfaces. It is known that the presentation of feedback stimuli elicits certain brain potentials that can be measured and classified. As stimuli can be given through different sensory modalities, it is important to understand the effects of different types of feedback on brain responses and(More)
This paper presents a silent-speech interface based on electromyographic (EMG) signals recorded in the facial muscles. The distinctive feature of this system is that it is based on the recognition of syllables instead of phonemes or words, which is a compromise between both approaches with advantages as (a) clear delimitation and identification inside a(More)
Neurofeedback therapies are an emerging technique used to treat neuropsychological disorders and to enhance cognitive performance. The feedback stimuli presented during the therapy are a key factor, serving as guidance throughout the entire learning process of the brain rhythms. Online decoding of these stimuli could be of great value to measure the(More)
The closed-loop control of rehabilitative technologies by neural commands has shown a great potential to improve motor recovery in patients suffering from paralysis. Brain-machine interfaces (BMI) can be used as a natural control method for such technologies. BMI provides a continuous association between the brain activity and peripheral stimulation, with(More)
Desynchronization of sensorimotor rhythms (SMR) is a distinctive feature that provides a discriminative pattern for BCI operation. However, individuals such as BCI illiterates can not produce these discriminable patterns with sufficient reliability. Additionally, SMR desynchronization can become deteriorated or extinct in patients with spinal cord injury or(More)
Brain-machine interfaces (BMI) allow to decode motor commands from paralyzed patients' brains and use those commands with a rehabilitative or assistive purpose. However, brain non-stationarities can affect BMI performance over time in multi-session interventions. The amount and type of data used for calibration may play an important role on the posterior(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) does not only produce a lack of sensory and motor function caudal to the level of injury, but it also leads to a progressive brain reorganization. Chronic SCI patients attempting to move their affected limbs present a significant reduction of brain activation in the motor cortex, which has been linked to the deafferentation. The aim(More)