Eduardo Joaquim Lopes Alho

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The scientific developments of the latter half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century supplied comprehensive data and insight on brain structure and function. Knowledge on structure and function provided strategies and tools for the management of previously lethal or highly incapacitating diseases, e.g. Parkinson’s disease (PD) and(More)
Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is characterized by left hemispheric frontotemporal cortical atrophy. Evidence from anatomical studies suggests that the nucleus subputaminalis (NSP), a subnucleus of the cholinergic basal forebrain, may be involved in the pathological process of PPA. Therefore, we studied the pattern of cortical and basal forebrain atrophy(More)
The cerebrocerebellum receives input from the cerebral cortex and projects to the motor and premotor cortices and the ventrolateral nucleus of the thalamus via the dentate nucleus (DN). Dentothalamocortical projections modulate the activity of the contralateral primary motor (M1) cortex and are involved in movement planning. Acute ischemic injury of the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The use of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in neurosurgery is still hardly disseminated and there are situations in which the effects of this therapeutic tool would be extremely relevant in this medical field. The aim of the present study is to analyze the effect of LLLT on tissue repair after the corrective surgical incision in neonates with(More)
The concept of a functional cerebral localization gave the needed support for the development of neurosurgery as a specialty. It should be noted though that the presence of functions on discrete areas of the cortex was a very controversial topic at that time. The objective of this paper is to review models of cortical organization at the end of the 19th(More)
Currently, hydrocephalus treatment is performed mainly with ventriculoperitoneal shunting. This experimental study aims at assessing whether the experimental model of hydrocephalus in dogs is applicable to the laboratory study of the retrograde ventriculosinusal shunt (RVSS). Four mongrel dogs were assessed. After randomization, the animals were divided(More)
The authors present the first clinical implementation of an endoscopic-assisted percutaneous anterolateral radiofrequency cordotomy. The aim of this article is to demonstrate the intradural endoscopic visualization of the cervical spinal cord via a percutaneous approach to refine the spinal target for anterolateral cordotomy, avoiding undesired trauma to(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the tissue repair behavior after corrective surgical incision in neonates submitted to low-level laser therapy, in an attempt to diminish the incidence of postoperative dehiscence following the surgery for myelomeningocele performed immediately after birth. METHODS It is a prospective pilot study with 13 myelomeningocele patients(More)