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This study investigated the release of erythrocyte-derived iron from purified human monocytes obtained from healthy volunteers and hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) patients. After erythrophagocytosis of 59Fe-labeled erythrocytes, a complete transfer of iron from hemoglobin (Hb) to ferritin was observed within 24 hours in both control and HH monocytes. The(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary haemochromatosis (HH) is a disease of the metabolism of iron characterized by increased iron absorption and heavy parenchymal iron deposition, but with the presence of little iron in the mononuclear phagocytic system (MPS). METHODS To investigate the role of the MPS, the phagocytic ability of HH monocytes (MNs) and in vitro(More)
Alpha2-adrenoceptors belong to the group of nine adrenoceptors which mediate the biological actions of the endogenous catecholamines adrenaline and noradrenaline. Studies with gene-targeted mice carrying deletions in the genes encoding alpha2A-, alpha2B- or alpha2C-adrenoceptors have provided new insight into adrenergic receptor biology: (1) In principle,(More)
The contribution of neuropeptide Y (NPY), deriving from adrenal medulla, to the adrenosympathetic tone is unknown. We found that in response to NPY, primary cultures of mouse adrenal chromaffin cells secreted catecholamine, and that this effect was abolished in cultures from NPY Y(1) receptor knockout mice (Y(1)-/-). Compared with wild-type mice (Y(1)+/+),(More)
In the present study, we evaluated the effect of the alpha(2)-adrenoceptor agonist clonidine on tyrosine hydroxylase activity in adrenal medulla and brain of spontaneously hypertensive rats and Wistar Kyoto rats. Six-week-old animals were treated with clonidine (100 microg/kg body weight, daily, i.p.) for 4 weeks. Treatment with clonidine significantly(More)
INTRODUCTION In Parkinson's disease (PD) weight loss is a secondary phenomenon to the progressive neurodegeneration that changes after deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (DBS-STN) leading to increased weight gain. The mechanism responsible for this profile in weight variation may be secondary to a central metabolic control influenced by the(More)
We assessed the impact of oligofructose (OFS) and dextrin (DEX) as diet supplements on hepatic redox state. Rats were fed either a 10% OFS or a 10% DEX supplemented diet for 9 wk. In the DEX diet group, the levels of hepatic protein carbonylation were decreased by 63%. Total glutathione and reduced glutathione (GSH) contents were reduced in the OFS and DEX(More)
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the leading cause of chronic liver injury in developed countries. Oligofructose (OFS) is a prebiotic with proven benefits for health. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of 10% OFS on hepatic morphology and lipid metabolism in Wistar Kyoto rats submitted to normal diet (ND) or high-fat diet (FD). Animals were(More)
OBJECTIVE Feedback regulation of norepinephrine release from sympathetic nerves is essential to control blood pressure, heart rate and contractility. Recent experiments in gene-targeted mice have suggested that alpha(2C)-adrenoceptors may operate in a similar feedback mechanism to control the release of epinephrine from the adrenal medulla. As heterozygous(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This study was carried out to elucidate which alpha(2)-adrenoceptor subtypes mediated the inhibition of noradrenaline and adrenaline release from the adrenal medulla of mice. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Isolated adrenal medullae from wild-type and alpha(2A), alpha(2B) and alpha(2C)-adrenoceptor knockout (KO) mice were placed in(More)